Digitalpainting
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3.1 Skin and Facial Features

Let's now paint the skin of the character, giving it a more realistic look by blending out the line art and adding more detail. We will be using the brushes we've used previously, as well as the brushes we made in the previous lesson.

3.1 Skin and Facial Features

Hi, and welcome to The Fundamentals of Digital Painting. My name is Nas Peters. And in this video, we are going to paint the skin of the character, giving it a more realistic look, by blending out the line art, and giving it more detail. We will be using the brushes we have used so far, as well as the brushes we made in a previous video. Painting skin might seem like a scary thing to tackle on, there's multiple current nuances and sometimes the most random ones you wouldn't have necessarily guessed. For a more realistic look you always want to go out of your way to create imperfections and pore textures. Figuring out where the shadow and highlights go can be tricky as well. With the grayscale and colors in place, we already have a solid base to work from. Basically we will need to enhance the shading we have so far and work the liner out of the features. You want to keep a close eye on where the light hits, in this case it's heavily present on the left side of her face. While we paint, you want to keep in mind bone structure. So try avoiding using dark colors in highlighted areas. The light will be most prominent on the features of the face which protrude forward the most. So the slope of the nose and nostrils along with the portion of the forehead and a small section right underneath the eyebrow. The chin and the lips receive a lot of light and then of course the cheeks. You want that light to lead out upwards over the temples beside the eyes and allow it to come close to the upper lip. Let's start on the nose. I don't think you have to start with the nose, I just prefer to as it is the center of the face and I can then work the facial features based around this afterwards. Create a new layer on top of the liner folder. Then choose the Circular Cloud Shape Brush we made and set it at a very low size. Mine is at three px. I chose a dark brown color and put the Opacity on the brush at a 100% lowering the flow to 80%. Paint over the outer edges of the nostrils using pen pressure so the shadow you are creating isn't too dark. You want to hide the liner, and blend it in with the shadow beside the nose. The inside of the nostrils can be completely darkened out. You also want to touch up the philtrum, which is the small indent right underneath the nose. You can shade this close to the edge of the upper lip, just make sure it doesn't touch the lip. Using the Alt shortcut on your keyboard to select the Eyedropper Tool, pick a medium pink beige color off the Canvas. I pick mine right below the lightest highlight on the tip of her nose. I then use this color to fade out the line art line on the tip of her nose and continue to use the highlight color, which is close to being white, to blend the pink in with the highlight. Now we're going to add in a funny color. You can create a new layer for this in case you need to change the Opacity on it later. Double-click the foreground color to bring up the color picker and choose a pale purple. This color will help bring the nose more of a flesh tone. Make your brush size a bit larger either in the navigation bar or by right-clicking on the Canvas and lower the Opacity somewhere between 50 and 60%. Now you want to paint this color over the nostril and along the slope of her nose. You don't need to include it everywhere. Aim for the areas with the thickest skin. When you've applied it, you want to pick the highlight color and blend the highlight into this purple color. Do the same with the shadow. When you're done with this area, continue upwards and fade out the lines at the top of the nose. You can keep those slightly visible to create a distinct difference between the top of the nose and where it slopes down into the corner of the eyes. Darken the area along the bridge as well. This is to create a visible separation between the lower edge of the forehead and brows, and the starting point of the nose. Now let's add in some very obvious highlights. Size the brush down to two px and lower the Opacity to about 80%. Use a very light beige, and paint a thin stroke along the left side of the philtrum. Paint a thin stroke along the left nostril as well, hugging the inner side of the shadow. With that done, we are now going to apply shadow to add more definition. Make the brush bigger. Same Star Clear Cloud still minus at 24 px and then lower the Opacity somewhere between 50 and 60%. I pick a dark brown color off the Canvas, then create a new layer and start painting on the inside corners of the eyes. Paint down the nose, make sure the shadow doesn't overlap the bridge and the slope of the nose and that it doesn't bleed too far into the cheek either. Allow the brush to touch the area which separates the nostrils from the tip of the nose. It's kind of a triangular shape. Apply the same process on the other side of the nose. When you are done, lower the Opacity on the layer somewhere between 40 and 50% so the shadow isn't too overwhelming. It needs to be just dark enough to sharpen the shape of the nose. Moving on to the next part. Using the same brush still, create a new layer and then make the brush bigger. Mine is at 34 px. The Opacity is still between 50 and 60%, and the flow hasn't changed. Double-click the foreground color to bring up the color picker and choose a pale purple. Now, paint on the areas where the highlight is most apparent. So, the left side of her forehead, the cheeks, the left side of the lip and the chin. We want to change the Opacity on this layer to 48%. The skin now has a slightly rosy tint to it. Before we move on to the next part, let's place all these layers in a new folder so they are out of our way. Click on the folder icon at the bottom of the Layer folder, and then drag the layers into this folder. Make sure to keep them in the right order. Now select your Brush tool, and still using the Circular Cloud brush, set the size at six px. Keep the flow as it is and the Opacity as well. Pick a dark brown off the Canvas, when ready start replacing the center line of the lips with this dark brown. Then choose a very light beige and cover the upper line. It doesn't need to reach all the way to the right side. Filling the area between the light and dark line with the same light page. Now pick a color that is a shade in between the dark and the light lines and paint along the right side of the upper lip, blending it in with the light side. Using the same color, contour the bottom lip, blending it in with the dark line at the center. We want to size the brush down then, mine is a three and I chose a very dark brown color. Paint over the center line, giving that more definition and then paint a thin line along the bottom edge of the lower lip close to the chin. Continue to paint along the right side of the lips. The bottom lips highlight is a bit oddly shaped now, so size the brush back up to about eight and lower the Opacity on the brush to somewhere between 10 and 20%. Then pick a very light beige. When ready, paint over the lower lip to add more light to it. Use the same brush settings, but use a dark brown color to adjust the shadows in the center of the lip. When you've completed the lips, you'll notice that they appear very large in the face now. We are going to size them down a bit, so they are more proportionate to the face. Since the paint was applied on a separate layer, all we need to do is resize this. Press Ctrl+T on your keyboard to bring up the Transform option. And then hold shift on your keyboard to grab a corner handle of this selection. Then push the lips down so it sizes down without losing it's shape. You can tilt them a bit so they are a bit straighter. We'll just further in a bit. We just need to remove the original lips from underneath. Create a new layer under the lip layer, select a brush tool and size it up. Pick a beige tint off the Canvas and then paint over the areas where the pervious lips are still showing. It looks a bit weird right now, but that's okay. Pick the highlight color off her cheek, lower the Opacity on the brush and then paint over the skin area above the left upper lip. Blend it in with a highlight of the cheek. You can use the orange tint along her jaw line to touch the left corner of her mouth up a bit as well as her chin. The shadow is a bit harsh on the left side of her face, so size the brush up, definitely bring the Opacity down, and then use the highlight color, painting over the cheek, temple, and closely along the jaw line. Don't cover the shadow there entirely though. You'll want to keep the dimension and shape of the face through the shadow. Keep painting, blend the highlight in with the side of her mouth and into the highlight of the chin. You can lower the Opacity on this layer a bit so the newly added colors blend in with the shading that was applied on that area before. You'll have to fill in the area on the right side of her mouth again though on a new layer so the original liner of lips don't show. Now select the lip layer again and bring up the Transform options, Ctrl+T. Then tilt the lips further so they align properly with the nose and move it a bit over to the right. Use your Brush tool and the colors on the Canvas to do any small touch ups if needed. We are going to work on the eyes now. We will be repainting them completely so to do this, fill the eyes in with a dark brown color. Create a new layer and size the brush down. Pick a much darker color and then reshape the eyebrows. Dot a space before we add a red tint to them. You can allow the tips of the eyebrows to shape into the bridge of the nose. Pick a red from her hair and then paint over the black eye brows. Just small streaks. The lines of these strokes can be visible, as this is hair. Then use black to darken the under side of the eye brows. Size the brush down further and use the same color to add some thin detailing along the top edge of the eye brow. Moving on to the eyes. Pick a light skin color off her face. The brush size at 6 and the Opacity at 22. Then paint the eye outline. You can always hide the dark overlay and paint over the original eyes if you aren't sure how to shape this. Or you can pause the video and use the shape I painted as reference. When you've shaped it, pick a dark brown color, close to black, and then paint along the top inside of the eye and underneath the tear line. Now we want to select the Smudge tool. You can access this in the tool bar underneath the Eraser. The top bar has changed to the Smudge settings, so be sure to tweak those before you test it out. Set the Strength to 20 or 30%, and then smudge the two colors we just painted in together. You will use it the way you would the Brush tool, only instead of adding color, you're smudging colors together. This is to make the transition between the beige and black a bit smoother. The eye is a bit big, so use the Transform option to size it down. Create a new layer, select a Brush tool and paint the color white. Fill in the center of the eye. Then lower the Opacity on the layer. While we color the white of the eye, it's actually too bright and you want the outer edges to fade into the shadows a bit. You use the Eraser tool set on a low size and Opacity to fade the outer edges further. Then return to the Brush tool, size it down a lot and pick the color black to shape out the iris. Before we fill it in, let's add some light to the eye. Create a new layer and pick a color red. Then paint over and underneath the eyelid, the tear line, the upper half of the iris, as well as underneath the brow and a bit on the top of her cheek. Set the Blending mode on this layer on color dodge, so it's shiny. Lower the Opacity if needed. Create a new layer and pick the color white. This is where the white glow overlay on the eye comes in. Paint a line across the center of the eye, both left and right. Don't fill in the center of the iris though. Lower the Opacity on the layer so the white isn't as harsh, then create a layer underneath and fill the iris in with a color of your choosing. I went with red. When complete, fill the upper part of the eye and where the pupil would be with a very dark red or the color you chose. Fill the bottom part of the iris with a light red. And then size your brush all the way down to one, select an even lighter color red and paint in a squiggly line in the iris. Then pick white and paint a squiggly line along the top of the eye. There we are. The eye is finished. You can place all the eye layers into a folder and continue tweaking the size and placement of it with the Transform options if needed. You could now paint the other eye from scratch, which would give you time to practice, or you can be a little lazy and duplicate the folder. [BLANK_AUDIO] Just like we did when we drew the eyes line art, bring up the Transform options, right-click the selection, and then Flip Horizontal. Move the duplicate eye over to the other side. Tilt it until it fits. We'll need to merge the duplicate folder together in order to flip the iris. Make sure the right folder is selected and then click on the icon at the top right corner of the Layer panel. More options will appear. Click on Merge Group. If some of the Opacity levels didn't transfer through right, use the Eraser tool to fade those areas out, such as the red marker at the top of her cheek. Then, select the Lasso tool, and shade the selection out around the eye. Include the white as well. Press Ctrl+T to bring up the Transform options and then right-click to flip the shape. Then tilt the selection until it fits back into the eye shape. Press Enter to release the Transform options and then deselect, Ctrl+D. Finish up by adjusting the outer edge of the eye with the color black and a Brush tool. And that's it for the eyes. Organize your Layer panel with folders and then let's add the final touches for the face. Using the Brush tool, pick a pale pink color and fill in the lip shapes on a new layer. Set the Blending mode of this layer on Soft Light and lower the Opacity until it looks like the lips only have a soft pink tint. Then create another layer, size your brush down and pick a light skin color off the Canvas and paint along the left upper lip so the dark line fades out a bit more noticeably. You can touch up the corners of her mouth and the top edge of her chin with the same color. Pick an even lighter color and paint along the bottom edge of the upper lip, giving the creases a bit of light beside the shadow lines. When complete, you can add two small circular white gradients on her lower lip. Do this on a new layer so you can tweak the Blending Mode and Opacity. Be sure to erase the gradient edges which are outside of the lip, now we are going to add a texture to create pores. Using the Lasso tool, quickly shape out a selection around her face and then use Ctrl+Backspace to fill it in with a color. Go into Filter > Noise > Add Noise. The panel will pop up. I set the amount of Noise to 9.51, then click OK. Then go into Image > Adjustments > Desaturate. Erase the sections that aren't part of the skin. You can erase the Noise from the eyes and lips as well. When complete, set the layer to Blending Mode Overlay. There we are. The skin and facial features are now complete. In the next video, we are going to paint the hair adding more volume to how it looks right now. And creating a custom brush to adding more strands. Thanks for listening.

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