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3.1 Sketch Out the Portrait

Now that we’ve inked in our gradation scale, we’re ready to start on our portrait. First we need to get the image onto our paper. If you feel comfortable with freehand sketching, you can simply use the photo reference from the zip folder and sketch directly onto your Bristol paper. Otherwise, I will show you a simple tracing technique that uses tracing paper, a pen, a pencil, and the reference photograph.

3.1 Sketch Out the Portrait

Now that you have your gradation scale finished and you're feeling much more comfortable with your pen, we're gonna move on and start the portrait. But, before we do that, we have to sketch it. So, you'll want to print out the black and white portrait that I've provided you. And keep it the same scale that it is because this is a really great size. To learn how to ink the detailed areas of the face like the eyes and the nose. You'll also want a piece of bristol that you can use as your drawing paper. I really like bristol because its smooth surface allows the ink to sit on top. Now, depending on how comfortable you are with sketching, you'll either just free hand draw the portrait onto your paper, or if you prefer to use a tracing method, I'll be showing you a technique that I really like to use. And in addition to the other supplies, you'll just need a piece of tracing paper. You'll want to make sure you have a B pencil, anywhere from a 2B to a 6B. You'll need your micron pen that you've been using so far and a white eraser. So once you've got all your supplies gathered, just let's go forward and start sketching our piece. So the first step in tracing your portrait, is to print out the photograph, like I talked about before at scale. Then you're going to take a piece of tracing paper, And lay it down on top. You will take your pen and mark off the corners of the portrait. You might also want to tape the top and bottom or the sides of the paper down to the table. And that way in case it moves around, you can, the tape will hold it. And if you're not using tape you can easily realign with the little marks in the corners. So for the sake of this tutorial, I'm just gonna go through a small section of the portrait. But you'll be applying these steps to the entirety of it. So the first thing you want to do is to take your pen and to draw out the outlines, or the contours of the drawing, of the portrait below. So here I'm drawing out all the little ridges in my ear. You don't have to get too detailed because you'll be referring to the portrait to go back in and sketch things in later. But you want to have enough that you can easily identify where areas are. So now that you've got your whole outline done, for me it's my ear. You're going to flip over your tracing paper. [SOUND] And you're gonna use a soft B pencil, I'm using 3B. And rub over the ink. You're just laying down a layer of graphite. That we'll use for the transfer process. So you'll do this for your whole portrait. And you're welcome to leave big areas white if there's nothing in them. And you're gonna flip your tracing paper back over. And you're gonna use the little marks that you drew earlier to line up with the margins of your bristol paper. And then you're going to take your pencil, again, and you're going to apply a little bit of pressure as you go over your pen lines. A second time. So the pressure that you use, it doesn't have to be too hard, but you need a little bit. The pressure actually pushes the graphite onto the paper. And that way when you take your tracing paper away and we'll just see your sketch. So you're gonna take your tracing paper away once you're done. And you can see that it left a nice outline for us to use and you can go back in. And I would suggest using a much lighter pencil than I am. You go back in and trace over the lines. You can use the photo as reference to figure out where all the little areas are. Make sure things line up and make sure you traced it correctly. You'll wanna use a lighter pencil so that you can easily erase it at the end of our project. So once you have your whole portrait sketched out, you'll be ready to move on with me to the next lesson, where we are gonna draw in our value areas.

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