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3.2 Further Refinements

Subtle additions to a poster can make the biggest differences. In this lesson, we'll add some shadows to further enhance the depth of field on our poster. We'll look at two different ways to achieve this and learn how using Layer Masks can affect which option you can use.

3.2 Further Refinements

Hi there, welcome back. In this lesson, we will continue finessing the smaller details of our composition by adding shadow to the images. This will enhance the depth of field, and there are two ways of doing this. Let's take a look. First, let's organize our layers into one group, so head over to the last hue and saturation layer that you created, hold down Shift, and select the last fish layer so we can select all of the fish layers with their own hue and saturation adjustment layer and drag them on the layers panel towards the folder. And this will create a group. To add shadows, click on the layer before the group. So for me, it would be this one, and on the layers panel head to the bottom and click on the button, Create new layer. Select the brush tool from the tool bar or press B on your keyboard. Right-click on the document and make sure the hardness is set to 0, and let's start with 300 pixels as a size. And then we can resize with the opening and closing brackets, set the foreground color to black, head over to the Options bar and set the opacity to, maybe 10%, and let's see what we can do here. Now remember, we're trying to create shadows on the fish, so we want to be subtle. So I'll start brushing just under some of the fish, and you can see it just slightly there. Let's see, you can see the difference now. And we want something just subtle, we don't want it to be too harsh. So we'll continue doing this for all three of them. Now, we want to add some shadows over the fish, and that will be because the characters are overlapping the fish. So head over to the group that we created on the layers panel and add a new layer. Select the brush tool again, and start brushing over the characters that are over the fish. If you start getting things like this because of the brush stroke, that means that we have to go back to the layer mask on the text layer. Select the Brush tool, and make sure that you have white as the foreground. So press X and set the opacity to 100%, and start brushing away and just cleaning up these areas. So you will see right away disappearing, let's zoom out and let's see what the difference is here. There we go. So let's go back to the shadow layer we created and let's zoom into this area here. Select the Brush tool again, set the opacity to 10%, and let's start brushing away. So it will be just very subtle. Feel free to activate and deactivate the layers so you can see where the difference is. I will rename my two layers so I don't get confused. And you can do so by clicking on the layer, the writing, double-click, and now we'll rename this to Shadow 1 and this layer to Shadow 2. And the group, I will rename to Images. Now, I will deactivate the two shadow layers that we created and I can show you what is the second way of doing this. Head over to the images group we created and click on the arrow to open the folder. Select any image layer, right-click, and head over to Blending Options. On the left side of the panel, select a Drop Shadow option. It's something useful to have here is the preview option, make sure that it is checked. And you can already see what the difference is. If you uncheck it and check it, you can see where the shadow will be. So here, we can play with the distance first to see how long of a shadow we want, and the spread, and also the size. So how much you wanted to disperse? So something like that would be good. I have 15, 20, and 51 pixels, but I want to lower the opacity just a little bit. Here, we can choose where the light is coming from. So I think I would like it to come from this way, and click OK. Now, we can copy this style of this layer and paste it onto the other two images. So right-click on the layer that we just worked on, select Copy Layer Style, and we'll collapse this. And then, I will select one of the other layers, Paste Layer Style and we can already see the difference here, and I will do the same with the other layer. And we can already see it there. Now, we'll close again the group. And now, we can take care of the shadow from the characters. If we copy and paste the same layer style onto the text layer, it won't work, and I will show you why. So I'll right-click there and Paste Layer Style. And the reason that we're getting this weird shadow, I will deactivate our original headline, it's because the way that we have created the layer mask just won't work. So we need to, let's see, I will go back. So we need to create this extra Shadow 1 layer, that will be the only way to make the characters shadow work. Which ever way you use, you're sure to take this poster to another level. It is all about the details. We have come to the end of the design processes of our poster. In the next lesson, we will prepare our files for professional printing. I'll see you there.

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