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5.1 Adjustment Layers

In this lesson we learn how to highlight certain elements, as well as using solid colour layers to create the colour of the image.

5.1 Adjustment Layers

Hello, welcome back to lesson ten of creating a surreal scene with photo manipulation. So in the last session we got most of it done. We just gotta add a few more things to our woman, make sure she looks good in the center here. So doing our overall color correction and a few more adjustments. So first of all going straight into it. So on her she's got some leaves on her chest we need to get rid of. They didn't really look like they belong. So let's do that first. Okay so what I'm gonna do is zoom in here, what I'm gonna do is just make a new layer above, just underneath the color most layer, underneath there like that, what I'm gonna do is get certain parts of her dress and just try and copy it above, so I made this brush really small, make sure that it's on current MB low. So that you can actually use a layer above, so you have to, you can actually delete this layer if you get it wrong. You have to do it directly onto her. So to do that just try and get rid of that. So use her skin for that part there. If you need to change the brush to like a hard round we'll zoom in even more. It might get quite blurry on your screen, but we've got dupes so on her skin there, get rid of that green. There you go. Looks good. Do the same to the rest of her. So get rid of this. You could probably use her arm color for that. A bit of white there. Now when I zoom out this might look a bit funky so have to adjust that but make sure we get this right, just like that. She's got a dress for this part up here, her skin for that part. You get the idea? I'm holding Alt on my keyboard, I'm selecting a portion of her skin, and I'm just going over the top of this leaf trying to take that away, some of you use trying to use a lot of more of her dress, would have to copy her skin, cuz obviously, the skin has a lot of texture to it. So when you copy it into an area, it can look a lot different. String at most for dress, for the rest of this. Try and join up her dress there. Might not be how the dress actually was but that's the best we can do in these circumstances so that looks good to me, let's have a look there. A bit more here, get rid of that green, let's zoom out, see what it looks like. Okay, so you can still see a bit of a splotchiness there so let's try and fix that. We've got a bit of the dress there we need to add on. A bit of it there as well. There like that. Okay, let's make it like a V-neck type dress. Not like new dresses. I don't want it to be too [INAUDIBLE] like that and number one over here. Let's have a look. Okay so the dress looks really good now. Now we need to change the skin a bit cuz there's a bit splotchy there. So to do that I'm to use the normal brush. Make it really small. Select a color I like, so over here is the Alt on my keyboard. Take all that color, and it's selected that color for me, let it flow down to about 15%, and just go over the top of that splotchiness. And that will get gradually, get rid of it, like that, zoom out, and then we're going to fix the dress. It actually looks really good. Okay so what I'm going to do, is actually fix the light on her arm, on her left. As you can see there's a bit of shine on her arm, I want to fix that because it looks a bit off. Especially when you zoom out. So the same thing, and I'm going to make a new layer underneath i'm just gonna use a cutter to get rid of that. So this is zooming here right in, to make sure I get directly on there. So this is the color of her skin on the left hand side here, right there. And let's just copy it all the way along her skin. I might have to do a few selections here to get this perfect. That is trying to get this color now. Merge these two together. And this color as well. And from those that does it looks a bit off. So we will try and fix it. A bit brighter color here. But we have fixed the issue with the lighting now. Like that, let's zoom out. Okay, that is not bad at all. I think it needs a bit more color in there, though. It's looking a bit gray, a bit dead. So I'll try and brighten this up slightly at a overall brightness, like that. And now we have a realistic arm. All right, that's good. Okay, so now what I'm gonna do is just add a bit more highlight around her and her dress. What I'm gonna do is add a new layer underneath again. Go to Edit, Fill, then go to 50% grey. All this is is a color dodge layer, that's what I call it, change to soft light, call it dodge, okay, and then with the burn and dodge tools we can do, I'll stick with the burn tool first, change it to a nice, soft brush. About this size should be fine. Now burning, basically what that does it just creates shadows. So you can insinuate certain areas. So I bring this exposure down, it's a bit too harsh, just make sure it's on midtones as well. I'm just gonna make sure that stands out a little bit more, like so, as you can see what I'm doing. Zoom in a bit more. So make sure that you can see the definition between the actual dress and her. On this side as well. What you can also do is make the creases in her dress more visible what you do is just on the dark side make a stroke and then hold ALT on your keyboard. And then do again, and it will create white. So basically, if you hold ALT, it changes to the dodge brush. If you just leave it, it gives a burn. So do the same to each one, so gonna make a few dark splotches here, and then change to dodge holding ALT, and then just create a nice light layer there. This makes look a bit more thicker, a bit more dramatic and dark, a bit more 3D as well. So something like that, a bit dark on that edge there. Do the same to this area over here, around there. Okay, looks good. So do the same to her face. We add a bit more highlights to her face, edges of her arms where the sun would hit it, like so, and her hair. Yep, that's good. So on this side, I'll try and match the bit of lighting there. Okay. And on the edges of her dress let's get a bigger brush for that. Skew around her edges there. Like so, okay [INAUDIBLE] pretty much done. We've got a blip in the middle and looks a bit bright so let's fix that. Now to fix a coloring dodge layer, a 50% grayed layer we have to go do is hit DEL on your keyboard, open up the black color. And change the b, which means black, to 50. And that basically just gets the same color as the 50% grey. That way you can use that brush just go over anything you wanna change. And it'll just get rid of it completely. Okay, so that's her done. So on the left hand side you see bit of orange. When you get rid of that it looks a bit off. We get a black brush and fix that, because it just looks strange. Let's re-add that in, but a bit more subtle. So let's get a nice yellow, like that. With a low flow I'm just gonna add that back in. Low opacity as well. Add that a bit more in there, but a bit more subtle this time. Like that, and on this side of her dress as well. Okay, like that, perfect. Maybe a bit on her as well, make her a bit orangey. Something like that, looks good. Okay, so now for the overall color correction. What I'm gonna do first is create a curves adjustment and I'm going to do the same thing we did in the previous courses and we add a literal marquee tool. Open up the sensor rotors holding the Ctrl+;. And then drag out holding Shift+Alt, like so. Ctrl+; to get rid of it. Then hit on the quick mask tool. Go to filter and blur. Quite a big one. This used to be the vignette we used before. Wanna do that again, release it, and then go to Curves. And now I want to invert the mask, CTRL + I, so now that everything that's going to be effected is gonna be on the edges. Click on the curves, let's just play around with darkening the edges and brightening up the center, as well. That's looking really good at the moment, like that. And I'm gonna bring in a color balance layer. So you can actually group these together now in cc group, because it's gonna be color correction. Click on the Color Balance. And we're gonna do shadows, first of all. Bring up the red. Quite significantly, not that significantly. Okay, so the red's there now, it looks good. You got the yellow, not too much on that one. I was gonna bring out the blue on this one, cuz it looks really good. I go to the midtones, again, bring out the midtones on the red. Possibly the yellow, yeah the yellow on that one, that's good. Highlights, I want it quite red as well, the highlights. So something like that, and maybe some more blue in there, that's good. Okay now I'm gonna use a solid color layer. Now what these do, you can use these really efficiently and it makes it look, it just rounds off the image in my opinion. So what we're gonna do, go to the adjustments down here. Or up there, either one. Go to Solid Color, and first we're gonna add a blue. A nice dark blue, so right at the bottom here, should pick that. And change this to lighten. Now at the moment you can't really see any difference. Let's click on the color, let's play around with this. So let's bring that right up. As you can see this basically goes where all the blacks are in the image. This will appear. Now I don't want all my blacks to be completely black. So I want it to be quite like a nice tone. So either blue or a dark brown. Pick out a nice dark brown. It just creates a nice effect on the image. I like to use. So let's go with, you see the, I'm looking over here for the darks. As you can see I got too much. I'll go to light colored. I just want a nice subtle effect. Something like that. Okay, so just add a one here. So solid color. You might even think that that doesn't really show anything. But to me it really does, especially if you print it. I'm turning it to a blue this time, thought that I was going to. And go to screen on this one, so it's mainly a combination of Screen, Soft Light, and Lighten. So I changed this to actually soft light. Let's see what that does first. Actually a bit dark, isn't it? That's gonna be our color layer. We don't wanna do that one first. Do screen first. Okay, and I'm gonna bring this right down to zero, and then bring it up gradually until I think it's making an effect. So maybe this one isn't the best one to use. Let's try and do a different color. Let's go to orange. Make a subtle effect so I want it to be quite dark so I'll go to red. Just something like that just to round off the colors bring them more together. Okay now I'm gonna make a new one again. This time it'll be soft light so select color. This'll be like the layer so put a nice orange. It is soft light and I'll change this to something really nice. So, really subtle. Trying to find the right areas. Somewhere over here in these grays. Let's have a look, so turn off and on. There is having an effect on it, quite a nice effect but it's a bit too dark. So bring up a little bit. Maybe use a little more red, orange. Something like that, maybe an overlay might do it differently. Yep, that looks a lot better. I'm gonna try and get this looking right, I still want a bit of the blue in the clouds but I want it to be nice and colored that blends well. So something like that. Let's have a look. Let's zoom out. I like to zoom out when I'm looking at my images. Turn it off and on. That's quite nice. Maybe a bit too much. So, let's bring it down a little bit more. Or even darker. Okay. I think about there should do it. But if you were to copy my codes exactly than you can do but I advise you to try your own to see if you can get the same sort of thing but by guessing because that makes you a designer, basically. If you can actually work out what looks good for you. Okay, now I'm going to add one more. This one's going to be a lighten one again, solid color. It's going to be a blue again so its just going to bring back some of that blue in there. It's lighten, it's going to bring some of that blue like that. But not so much, so something like, let's have a look here, a bit more cyan. This makes it not so sharp and it makes it look a bit more softer, like a photo. So I think like that will do it. Hit zoom out again. See if that makes anything happen. Not much. I"ll bring it up a little bit more. Something like that. Here looks good. Now what I"m going to do is add a little sun ray behind here, finish it off behind the lady. Make a new layer and then open up the brushes I gave you already and it's got these five, I think, yeah five brushes here. Let's see which will look the best for us. That one might be the best one there. So then I have a really low so, well not really low but about 65, something like that, yep, a bit more flair on there so that's the yellow brush a bit brighter than that. A bit larger as well. What I want to do is just make a nice gradual [INAUDIBLE]. There you go. Something like that coming out of the sun area behind her. Maybe stretch it down a bit. I don't want too much focused in the center there like that. I want it coming right above the mask. I'm actually going to change this to overlay. That one, I control J. Change this to screen. There down and past T. And bring it up a few times, just to get a bit more effect on there. And I think the one the overlay layer is not really doing it for me, and I delete that one. Just leave it as a normal one on the screen, let's see if we can get this looking correct. So, if you want you can bring back the middle center. Get that aligned properly like that. I think that looks good. I'm going to hit control and try to get this perfect. So just a light somehow. So the shadows, get a bit darker. I want really subtle, hardly even visible. Like that, let's lower down the opacity as well. Like that, that's perfect. That's really subtle, I don't even want it to really show at first glance. Okay, that's good. One more thing. Just make a new layer above. And a bit more sunlight. [INAUDIBLE] around circle brush. Just to get a nice white brush. And a few specs above his nose. [INAUDIBLE] A few more and that is it. Take it to overlay. And that's perfect. Okay, so that's the end of this lesson. So we've got one more lesson to do on the actual color correction and the conclusion. So please join me in the next lesson to continue this course.

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