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2.1 Drawing a Heart

In this lesson we’ll look at a couple of different ways to create a heart shape. This exercise will help you practice manipulating objects and paths.

2.1 Drawing a Heart

[MUSIC] Hello and welcome to the stream. So, for anyone that doesn't know, my name is Daniel White. Some of you know me as Dansky, I'm an instructor with Envato Tuts+. And well, first of all, happy new year. I hope you had a fantastic new year, and happy 2018. I hope it's going really well for you. And you could probably tell, I'm a little bit excited, because tonight, we're going to be jumping into Adobe Illustrator. And, whereas normally we focused on one thing, and we kind of go quite in depth, we're going to be covering a variety of different topics in Illustrator. So, whether you've been using Illustrator for a year or two, if you're completely new to it. If you've been using it most of your life, hopefully, there's going to be something for everyone here. And, some of the things that we're going to be covering are things that I'm personally a huge fan of, they're features I'm a huge fan of. And they're things that I've really struggled to learn just throughout the course of my career. So I'm really, really excited to come share this with you, and yeah, we're going to get started, so hello to everyone in the chat. How are you doing? If you have any questions, please do drop them in the chat, and I will answer as many as I can as we go through the stream. And then we will do some more questions at the end, and I'll try and be as helpful as possible. Cool, [LAUGH] right. So you can see on screen, I've jumped into Illustrator already, and I've created a new document. And at the moment, I've got ten separate art boards. And they're all 1,000 pixels wide, and 1,000 pixels high. So we'll go to the first one at the moment. And the first thing that we're going to look at is how to draw a heart. Now this is something I've done for many years, incorrectly. It's something I really struggled with, I used a pencil, I used brush tools, pencil tools. I really, really did struggle to draw a heart. And there's a few different ways that we're going to be doing that, that I'm going to demonstrate now. So we've got our art board, and we're going to grab the rectangle tool over here on the left. And the first thing I'm going to do is just left-click and drag, to draw a rectangle. And then I can go to Edit > Copy, Edit > Paste in Place, and then just rotate this 90 degrees. And then just snap these in place like so. If you want to check if they're exactly snapped on top of each other, you can go into Outline mode, which is Cmd or Ctrl+Y, and you can see that they're not. So, I like to zoom in several thousand percent with the zoom tool, and we'll just shuffle these over so they're at exactly the right position. And you can also use the Align panel to do this, as well. Now, it's definitely worth switching your smart guides on, and having Snap to Point on, and turning off Snap to Pixel. If it's snapping to points and pixels, Illustrator can sometimes get a little bit confused. And it's not always sure what you're trying to snap it to. So I like to go with point, and it just snaps any shapes together really easily. So we'll come out of Outline mode, Cmd or Ctrl+Y, drag over everything, and rotate this 90 degrees. Now this bit in the middle is going to be the dip in our heart. And you can see that I've made this far too large, so I'm just gonna drag this down, and make this rectangle a little bit shorter. And we'll delete this one, and again, do that same process of Edit > Copy, Edit > Paste in Place. Hold Shift to rotate, and again, just zoom in. Really, really close. Just check they're lined up. And just align those to each other like so. And if we come back out, we have something like this. Now what we can do is we can select one of these rectangles, and you'll see just inside the edges, we have these circular anchor points. And we can actually select these with the Direct Selection tool, and we can click on one, and you'll see it changes and becomes selected. We can hold Shift, and we can left-click on the one along from it. So we've got these two selected now. And at the top of the screen, you can see we have this box here, Corners. And we can enter a corner radius, or we can use the arrow keys to adjust this. And we're only going to adjust it just for these two, so let's go ahead and increase this. Automate is even quicker, we can just grab these circular points and drag them towards the center, and you'll see when it marks it in red, this is the maximum radius that we can go to. And we have, effectively, a semicircle on the end there. Now we can do the same with the other one. So just select the shape, select the direct selection tool, left-click and hold Shift, select both of those anchor points, and just drag towards the center. Now if we jump back into our Outline mode, that's fine, but we are going to tidy the shape up and we can do this in one of two ways. We can drag over everything, go to the Pathfinder panel on the right, or at the top of the screen, if you can't see it, and just select Unite, which is the top left option. And it will merge those into one complete shape. Or if you're on a newer version of Illustrator, so a CC version, you'll have the shape builder tool over there. And you can just go woosh and left click. I don't know what that woosh sound was. Just left click and drag through those shapes, and it will merge them into one shape. So, there we go, we have one heart. It's as if you're going for kind of a straight edged heart. But what if you want a heart that is a little bit more curved? And this is my personal favorite, if I had to pick one. So we'll start by selecting the ellipse tool, and just left click and hold shift to draw a circle. And then we can drag this circle to the right, holding Shift to keep it in line, and holding Alt. And with alt held, it will create a copy. Now this area here, this is going to be the dip in our heart. So the further you adjust the distance for the circles, the lower it will dip. The closer you bring it together, the shallower the dip. So it depends on the style of heart that you're going for. And now we're going to grab the pencil and again, go into Outline mode, which is Cmd or Ctrl+Y. And you can also press the Caps Lock key on your keyboard. And it will switch to a crosshairs, which is sometimes a little bit easier than the pen icon, and we're going to click right in the middle here, like this. And we'll hold Shift go to straight down, and we'll left-click somewhere around here. Next what we're going to do is go up here, and you can see the smart guides now really, really coming in handy, and it's snapping to that path there. Now we're not gonna go right here. We're going to just hover a little bit up from that, and then left-click, and start to drag with the pen tool. And the goal here is to follow the continuation of the left circle. So If I let go and just go to Select > Deselect. The goal here is to make this transition with this new line we've drawn just run straight into the existing circle. Now, if you don't get it right the first time, don't worry, that's totally fine. Just grab that direct selection tool, click on that path, and you'll see you get this handle here, and you can bend this until you get the right angle. So what we can do now is, with the direct selection tool, select that new anchor point we created. Hold Shift and select the starting anchor point, and just go to Object > Path > Join. And it will join that into a complete shape. And then what we can do is select this shape. I'm not sure what this type of shape is called, but this is what we've created, and we'll just go to Edit > Copy, Edit > Paste in Place. And just drag this over, and then go Object > Transform > Reflect. Make sure you reflect it along the vertical axis, and click OK. And now, if we zoom in right the way on here, just to check everything is perfectly lined up. What we can do now is we're still in Outline mode, as you can see here. What we can do is press Cmd or Ctrl+Y, we can switch back out of Outline mode, and we can see that we have our heart. We can drag over this and you can give this a fill. You can give it a stroke, but if you try and give it a stroke, at the moment, it's made up of tons of different shapes. So, again, we can drag over everything, and from the Pathfinder panel, select the top left option. Voila, we have one shape. Or we can use the shape builder tool, and just run it through every segment. And we've now got a heart, and we can then go and apply a stroke to this, if we wanted. If you do get any strange little things like this in the middle, so this strange triangle has appeared, we can jump back into Outline mode and we can see there's a stray anchor point. Sometimes when creating shapes, especially with the shape builder tool, this is just something that happens. If you get any stray anchor points just lying around like this, just grab that direct selection tool, drag over them, and hit Delete or Backspace, and then they are gone. So we could have an outline heart, or we could swap this around and have a fill. And of course, we can go and give these both a color. So we can double-click a swatch, turn on Preview, and then just adjust these until we get a color that we're happy with. And there we go, there's a couple of different ways that we can draw a heart.

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