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5.1 Layer Styles and Effects

In this lesson you will learn how to add a drop shadow in Photoshop. You'll create a text shadow and then use Photoshop layer styles to add a bevel, emboss, gradient overlay, and strokes to text and images. Making your own text effects will soon be within your grasp!

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5.1 Layer Styles and Effects

All right, in this video we're going to take the design we've been working on where the text is a little hard to read and we're going to add, ready, drop shadows. And we're gonna look at bevel and emboss and, get ready for it. [LAUGH] We're going to hammer it with a gradient overlay. We're going to look at some of the other layer effects also in Photoshop. Plus, kind of lifting text with just a nice black box and playing with opacity. All right, lots of effects to learn in this tutorial, let's get started. Okay, so first up, if you are continuing along in the series, okay, you can just work on your file. If you are not, go and open up 09 effects from your source files. And we're going to add, first up, a drop shadow to this big Mother's Day Sale text. So just make sure in your Layers panel here, you have the layer that you want to change selected, it's kind of this light gray. And down the bottom here there's this little FX button, click on it. Okay, and here are all the things we're going to look at in this tutorial. Okay, so we'll start with drop shadow, it;'s an easy one. Now mine, you can see it's edit a drop shadow, got this big thing in the way. To move it, see this kind of light gray area here, just click hold and drag it to get it to a point where you can see what you're doing. And the background here and yeah, work with this panel. Now it'll remember the last thing you did, so yours is going to look a little different from mine. So let's look at the basics. Okay, so let's look at the distance first. Crank it right up, right up, get it up to like 25. You can see the distance away from the type there. Then this angle here becomes a little bit more obvious. You can see I'm just dragging this little dial here and it's just kind of the way that the light effects it. Okay, so it's up to you what you want your drop shadow to do. Let's look at these other two before I give you my, kind of like, the way I do drop shadows anyway. Spread, spread you're not going to use too much. It depends on whether that kind of feathering is pushed right to the outside, kind of does a weird choke around the outside. Don't use spread. The main one is size, size is how fuzzy it is. Okay, so you can see I'm dragging it smaller, smaller. And you can see it's got, when it's down at 6 points, okay, you can still kinda see the text. But if I get quite high, it becomes this kind of vague blur. Now if you're like, is it working? Is it better? Turn this preview on and off, just get a sense of what it's doing. Okay, so it's really up to you what you wanna do. What I like to do is I like a straight up and down, okay, angle. So I'm putting 90 degrees, and I like the distance quite low, and I like the size quite low. So it will depend on your image and text. Okay, so I do like about maybe 5 by 0 by 5 is kind of where we are end up being. You can see this, it's just a subtle turning on and off. I like that kind of drop shadow. You don't have to like it. Okay, but yeah, have a play around with that to get the settings you like. Let's look at doing one more and we'll bring up some options. So if we click OK, we're done. Let's say I want to edit it again because like man, I wish I would change it again. You double click on this word, Drop Shadow, okay, and it opens up. So you can go and make amends. I'm gonna click OK. So let's do it to the SAVE THE DATE along the top here, actually, let's do it to the photo, this one here, the name of the photographer. So let's select the layer. Let's go down to the FX, let's add a drop shadow. And let's say we want to do something different here, okay. Because it's smaller text and I'm gonna kinda zoom in, I can still use my shortcut to zoom in, which is kinda cool. He's my Space bar key to drag it around. So`, what I wanna do is I wanna do something different here because the size and distance don't work for this thing, and the same with the angle. And the angle is the big, I guess important one. It's this thing called Global Light. So, what ends up happening, if you use the word Global Light, it just means that if I change this one for this text, it's gonna affect everything else. Okay, so it's gonna say it's gonna just this one. So if I want to adjust this one separately, I have to untick it. Let's look at what I mean. If I rotate it around here because I feel that's better, because it's on an angle, can you see the adjusted this one here? I'm gonna switch around you'll start to see. Okay, so the trouble with is, I'm gonna put it back to 90. So they're all at 90, then I'm gonna untick this and now watch this guy here. I'm going to crank out the opacity. That's one thing I didn't mention the last one, the opacity. Okay, how much you can see of it, crank it up at 100% so you can see. This one here 5 by 5 doesn't really work, so I'm going down 3 by, okay, to kind of get it to come out. Put the opacity down a little bit, but because Global Light is off, it's not affecting the angle here. Cool, let's click OK. Let's look at another way of kind of lifting ticks off the page. We'll use bevel and emboss. Now bevel and emboss works really well with thick text. It's not gonna work with any of this kind of lightweight text. So I'm gonna click on this one, 800%, make sure it's selected in my layers panel. Down here let's go to bevel and emboss, okay, and I'm gonna move it out of the way, it's always in the way. Okay, there we go, that'll work, cool. So these are the defaults. Okay, and it's a bit of experimenting here. And you can kind of look at this as a kind of a really clear indication of what's happening and down here, how it's affecting the type. First of all, the style, emboss does both the outside of the text and the inner part, okay. Pillow emboss kind of looks like it's sitting in something. Outer bevel, just the outsides, kind of lifting off the background. There's different techniques for kind of deciding, it's a personal choice here. Okay, I don't like bevels much at all. [LAUGH] But people do, so we'll show them. Okay, so what am I gonna use, I'm going to use inner bevel. And let's have a quick little look, Smooth, Chisel Hard, just look at the edge here, gets a little bit more you can see there. I kind of like, I kind of do, almost there. Depth is how like basically it's how much the shadows you get, okay, how extreme it looks. And I feel like it should be a bank letters on the front of a bank or a lawyer's building, needs this kind of chiseled, you need to use Trojan, the font, and you need to use Chisel Hard bevel. And again Size and Soften, they're gonna kind of make sense as you experiment with them. You can kind of see it says here how much, depends on how thick your type of is. If it's really thin, you're not going to see anything. In this case can't see much of a change either because the font's quite small. Okay, so and you guys have got kind of a flat spot on top, which I don't like. Okay, soften, I'm not sure why you do Chisel Hard and soften it, but anyway, there's more and more complexity you can get into here. In this essentials course, we're not going to get into the super hard core stuff. Just play around with it, experiment with it, until you get it how you like. When you're finish click OK. And one of the things I wanna show you in one of the other, I'm gonna combine two things we're learning. One is one of the other effects, so I want two effects applied to this thing. I want to change the color of it as well. So the effect is called Color Overlay, but how do you add more than one? Okay, you can do it by double clicking where it says Bevel and Emboss, to open it back up again. And you can see on the top here, here are all the other options I had down the bottom in this FX panel. Okay, so Bevel and Emboss, we're going to look at Color Overlay. And watch this, if I turn the tick on, it's working. Its kind of made it a different color. But there's a bit of a gotcha. What ends up happening is I've turned the tick on and off, but you can see over here it's still shows Bevel and Emboss. Look, cuz I can turn lots of these on. Okay, I need to actually click on the word Color Overlay to bring up the options for it. So you might be ticking this on and then thinking you're at there, okay, or at least say. Let's do it again, tick that on, and thinking you're there, making adjustments but nothing's changing. Okay, it's because you need to actually click on it. So I'm going to turn all these off except for Color Overlay. Color Overlay, I'm gonna click on it and click on this little square here. Yours is probably set to red, by default, it remembers the last thing you did. Like when we're picking font colors, you can just drag this Hue slider to get it to somewhere you want. Okay, and pick a color. [LAUGH] Doesn't have to be that bad, come on Dan. I'm not sure what color I'm going for but you get the idea, right? So drag the Hue slider up. Now click in here for the circle you want, and then just keep an eye out here how it affects my chisel. All right, if you're looking for branded colors you might type in the RGB colors here or the CMYK colors, if you have it. Well maybe the hexadecimal numbers to be really precise. Let's click OK. So we've got two things applying now. Let's click OK. So those are a couple of FX, and we've used those mainly to kind of make the text pop off the page. What I'm going to show you is a technique that I use, it's not an effect, but it's just, it does the same type of thing. It's just using a big old rectangle. So you saw it at the beginning okay, in the intro. So if you grab the Rectangle tool, the only trouble with what we've got here is last time we were using it, remember we were using the Ellipse tool to do the badge, okay. And as soon as we went to the Ellipse tool, we changed it from shape to path which is gonna cause problems now. Cuz we don't want a path, we want an actual big, big shape. Okay, so the path is just kind of like an invisible outline whereas the shapes and actual thing on the page. So Rectangle tool, shape, how about the top here, fill color, click on it, pick a colour from the swatches. I'm just picking black. If you want to get a bit more detailed, you can click on this option get you back into our lovely Color picker, Cancel. I'm just gonna use black, and click off in the top here. And for the stroke, I'm going to have no stroke which is this little red line here that says, I don't want any color, please. Click off. What am I going to do? I'm going to draw a rectangle that can kind of starts off the page and kind of goes in here. Cool, I'm going to move it. Back to my Move tool, I'm gonna move it down a little bit. And the trouble is, is that it's on top of my text. Yours might be different, depending on kind of what you last we're doing. And so like before, remember in our layers exercise, we're gonna click hold and drag, drag, drag rectangle down, waay down the bottom here. I'm just dragging it just in front of my flower. All right, and what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna grab the lorem ipsum text, now, Move tool, I'm gonna try and drag it down now. What you might find is, you might find moving this stuff is quite tough. Okay, and we're at a point now where, I don't know, this might be an option for you. I prefer to have the Move tool, and have Auto-Select off. Okay, Auto-Select on just means whatever you click on, watch the last panel over here, click on the background, it jumps to it. Jumps to that, which is kinda cool, right. I find especially with a really thin type like this, I just turn it off, okay, and I just make sure I'm very consistent over here in my Layers panel. So that's what I'm gonna do for the rest of the course. I'm gonna say beyond this layer, Move tool. And it doesn't really matter where you click now, it's gonna move that particular layer. It's not gonna automatically do it, cool. So I'm going to do that. I'm going to grab my Rectangle tool, and I'm gonna drag it across a little bit. Cool, and I want to lower the opacity quite a bit. So with the rectangle layer selected, let's lower the opacity of this just makes it a bit more see through. [SOUND] Yep, so that's just another technique, instead of using Drop Shadows. You see it quite a bit, yeah, but you might hate it. That's okay, you might love the Chisel, Bevel, Emboss, and that's okay too. All right, next thing we'll look at, we'll just look at one or two more. You can experiment with them all. We'll look at putting a stroke around the outside. Let's do it to the Mother text. So Mother's Day Sale. Okay, double click, cuz we're gonna add two to it, remember, drop shadow and double click. And we're gonna add a stroke around the outside. Remember turn the tick back on, make sure you're actually there, goes gray. Okay, and you'll see I've got a little strroke around the outside. Let's zoom in a little bit using my shortcut keys. There's kind of two things to work with. One is I'll change the color first of all, so color down here, pick a hue. I'm gonna go to that kind of like orangy red thing I was doing before. And let's crank the size up, okay, size is too much at the moment. Okay, all we wanna do is, the position is inside, which is doing weird stuff to my type. You might like it. I'm gonna go to the outside, so it's like a stroke around the outside of the type, okay then you can do this kind of thing. Now we're doing it with type it can be done with any sort of shape. Okay, that rectangle can have a stroke on the outside, an image that you've masked out can have a stroke on the outside. Yeah, it's up to you. All right, let's do one more before we go, cuz it's kind of cool and kind of gets us into some slightly more, not advanced but just growing our learning in Photoshop. So I'm going to zoom all the way out, command zero or control zero, actually I might go one more. And we're gonna work on this lay here Layer 1. Let's be a bit more proper about it double click Layer 1 and call it Flowers. Return, actually have to double click on the actual letter there too to be able to type over the top. And we're gonna do a gradient overlay. Why, because it's super in fashion now. If you're watching this, and it's like a 10 year old course, it's not gonna be super fashionable. But at the moment we love a bit of gradient overlays on images. So let's have a look. Okay with this layer selected, it's gray, let's go to FX, let's go to Gradient Overlay. Okay, and depending on if you're brand new to it, yous is going to look pretty close to mine, you might have adjusted yours in the past. So what we're going to do is we're going to do two things. We're going to pick a nice gradient, okay, and then we're gonna go and look at how to blend it with the background. Now, deciding on nice colors for gradients, Envato has got, let's have a little look. I just Googled the Envato Elements, okay. And there's just lots of good ideas for gradients in here. Just type in gradients in the search and just have a look and find stuff. This particular gradient background pack has some really cool colors that you can get ideas from. So once you've got an idea for a gradient, jump back into Photoshop. And you drop down this little Gradient arrow here, this little chevron. Click on that, and you've got some built in ones. My goodness, there are some bad ones. [LAUGH] Okay, these have been in here forever, yeah, they're bad, anyway. Let's click on just this kind of standard black to white one, it's a good easy one to start with. Now click it back in. Now to adjust the actual color, click anywhere in this kind of color box here. And this big ugly thing opens up and we can go in and adjust the colors, NOw you're just using these bottom little cubes here, like little houses. Don't use the top ones. So the bottom ones here, if you double click on it, you can use your Hue slider to get the hue you want, okay. And then pick a color. I'm gonna pick a color that I saw, kinda like an orangy peach color. I figured that out earlier on when I was playing around. Okay, click OK. So that's the beginning of it. Double click this last one and do the end. And I figured out the color that I wanted, okay. I just copied and pasted it from when I was playing around before, okay. Let's click OK, and let's click OK again. Now gradient overlay is kind of cool. Okay, the thing is it's ruined my image but you saw at the beginning that I had a kind of a mixture with the background. And this has something to do with something called the blending mode. Now, blending modes are super awesome and handy. Normal does exactly what it kind of meant to. Okay, but if you ever play around with any of these other ones it's gonna affect the background a lot better. Okay, so it's a good dissolve, it's never a great one. Darken, so that's getting a bit more exciting and it's kinda cool what it's doing, right. Always in the way, let's move you over there. Okay, that'll do. And you've just gotta keep going through this list, multiply, it's kinda cool. Color Burn, Linear Burn, I already had a play, and I liked Overlay, kind of a cool one. And so is Soft Light, but I really liked Hard Light where are you Hard Light. Why can't I find you? You can see it, there it is, it's the next one down. [LAUGH] Okay, it's It's a bit strong. Okay, I know we're kind of, I guess, like we're destroying the images quite a bit. I'm liking this kind of thing. What you might do though, is lower the opacity a little bit just to kind of bring, Hard Light is a bit strong. So maybe something like that. Then play around with the angle of this a bit, get it how you want. How do I want it? [LAUGH] I'm just gonna drag it around forever while you watch. You get the idea, right. So that's my Gradient Overlay, okay. We've used a linear one, you can use a radial one, which is just like a circle in the middle coming out, okay. But I'm gonna use linear. And yeah, that's gonna be it for this video. Okay, there's a few other layer styles that you can go through and practice with. And it is time for your homework. Okay, so what I'd like you to do is, you've used the image here from a Raul Amid. What I'd like you to do is either using your Envato Elements account, go find a new image. Or if you don't have access to that, go to Unsplash and find your own image. Find your own gradient, and I'd love to see what you what kind of combination you come up with. You can use the text that we've used here or go and adjust it maybe for your own personal brand or the company that you work for. And I'd like to see what you've kind of come up with. You're allowed to just show and tell, you can ask for criticism if you like, as well, and I will be kind and give you any pointers. You're allowed to use chisel embosses as well. I promise not to comment on them. Yeah, so do that and share it with us on social media. Remember, Twitter, look for @tutsplus design. And on my Twitter as @danlovesadobe, on Instagram I am @bringyourownlaptop. Tag us in it, and yeah, we'll comment and we'd like to see what you do. All right, let's get into the next videos, where we start looking at cropping and resizing images. Not as exciting as gradients but very important. All right, let's go do that.

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