The difference between font files can be very confusing to a beginner designer. In this article, we'll answer all your questions, such as "What is a TrueType font?, "What is an EOT font?", and more.
To start off, we'll talk about the different font format types to learn how fonts are displayed on screens. To continue, it's important to have a basic understanding of the different font file types. Depending on the use, digital or printed, font files can vary. A font is a graphic representation of text that can contain information like point size, weight, width, and design. It's essential to know that a font family or a typeface is a collection of fonts. For instance, Arial is a typeface, and Arial Black is a font.
We'll also talk about the difference between OpenType and TrueType fonts, and when and where to use them. Font file extensions can be scary to look at, but after this article, you'll know which font files are best.
This beautiful vintage display font comes in TTF and OTF formats, as well as an optimized web version that can help you have your website load in just a few seconds. The font is suitable for display, labels, logos, and much more. If you need a source for thousands of typefaces in every font file extension, visit Envato Elements' huge font library.
Font Format Types Explained
Computers and other digital devices can display fonts in a couple of different ways. These font format types are essential for designers to know:
- Bitmapped or raster fonts: each character is made out of pixels. While these fonts are faster for computers to display, they are not scalable. This means that a separate font is needed for each size and style.
- Vector fonts or scalable fonts: each character is made out of an outline, and this allows for the font to be scalable. This means that a single font file can be used for any point size. It only needs additional code to render the font to a desired size.
Font File Types
There are many font file types, and many are created for different operating systems and applications.
It's is important to know what OTF and TTF mean to use the right file. Another font file type is PostScript fonts. These were developed by Adobe, but became tedious when different files were needed for PC and Mac.
The TrueType font file format wasn't efficient because a different font file was still needed for printing. Adobe and Microsoft joined forces and created the OpenType format that allowed for more information to be stored. The Web Open Format is efficient in loading websites with its super compressed file. And finally, SVG fonts are the latest font file type in the industry, allowing for transparencies and effects to be stored in the file.
PostScript fonts were created by Adobe. There are two different parts to this font file type, one that contains printing information and the other one for display on screen. The advantage of this font file format is high-quality printing. The disadvantage is that there are two different versions for PC and Mac, so there can be issues when multiple designers need to handle a file. When a Mac font is opened on a PC computer, the file doesn't look the same. Over the years, the OpenType format became popular, and PostScript use declined.
What Is a TrueType Font (TTF)?
So what is a TTF? In the 1980s, Apple developed the TrueType font format and later licensed it to Microsoft for free. Only one file was required, but a separate file for font styles is included (normal, italic, bold, etc.) The TrueType file format was used for screen only, and a PostScript file was used for printing.
What Does OpenType Font Mean (OTF)?
Wondering what an OTF font is? The OpenType file format was created jointly by Adobe and Microsoft. It's based on the TrueType format that supports an expanded character set (ligatures, alternate styles, glyphs, etc.)
You might ask yourself which is better: TTF or OTF? The truth is that they're both the same, especially when we're talking about the modern TTF and OTF. So you can use one or the other font format—just make sure that you stick to the same format to avoid having multiple fonts installed.
What Is a Web Open Format Font (WOFF)?
The Web Open Format file is a web-exclusive, compressed version of the formats above. This means that fonts download more quickly when viewing them on a website. Note that this font cannot be installed on your system. Fonts are usually loaded from the user's device with a limited number of fonts. Alternatively, designers can use a host, like Google Fonts or their own website, to load fonts.
There's a new version of WOFF called WOFF 2.0 that features improved compression. WOFF 2.0 is the best format for the web. These fonts work well on the web but not in graphics software. Learn how to use web fonts and the best font format for web in this easy-to-follow video:
What Is an Embedded OpenType Font?
So what is an EOT font type? Developed by Microsoft, the Embedded OpenType font file format is a web file supported only by Internet Explorer. It's a form of the OpenType font file that is no longer in use because of its security issues.
What Is an SVG Font?
For a few years, the world of font file formats remained unchanged until SVG fonts came into full force. This new version of the OpenType format allows characters to be displayed in multiple colors and transparencies, and some can even be animated.
How to Choose the Best Font File Format for Your Project or Needs
There are many font files that exist today and many that are still in development, so it can get confusing to know when to use each one. With the addition of web browsers and mobile browsers, being informed about what files are best can only help you optimize your projects. Here's a cheat sheet of when to use each font file:
- Choose TTF/OTF: If you want full compatibility across browsers and operative systems. Old-school TTF and the modern TTF and OTF formats can be useful for extending support to older internet browsers, especially mobile browsers.
- Choose WOFF: If you're using a modern browser, WOFF wraps both TTF and OTF into a single compressed file. Lighter for loading!
- Choose WOFF 2.0: The newest version developed by Google. The best format to choose because of its smaller file size and better performance for loading on modern browsers.
- Choose SVG: For graphic work that requires special effects like animation, color depth, and multiple transparencies. Sometimes this format can also be used for the web, but some browsers have removed the format support entirely, like Chrome.
Relevant Font File Format Videos
Now that you know more about font file extensions and we have the font formats explained, here are a few useful videos from the Envato Tuts+ YouTube channel:
If you're curious about how to install fonts on Windows, check out this video on How to Install a Font in Windows 10. This video will also show you how to uninstall in case you don't know how to remove fonts.
This video is a great walkthrough on How to Install a Font on a Mac. You'll also learn how to uninstall and remove a font, disable fonts, and enable fonts for Mac systems using FontBook.
Learn how to use Adobe Fonts to easily install fonts for Adobe Photoshop, as well as some other ways to install fonts for both Windows and Mac.
If you're a fan of Cricut, this simple and easy tutorial can help you upload fonts to Cricut. Explore new fonts and create new crafts by learning how to properly install fonts.
That's Font Formats Explained!
In this article, we touched on the most popular font file formats to know, how to use them, and when to use them. We answered your questions about what a TrueType font is, the difference between OpenType and TrueType fonts, and which is better: TTF or OTF. We also talked about the best font format for web and in what instances you should use each one.
Make sure to watch the videos to learn how to install the different font format types and learn more about web fonts.
If you're interested in having more font formats explained, be sure to check out these articles:
- Web TypographyWhat Are Web Fonts?Kezz Bracey
- FontsHow to Add Fonts to Photoshop (Mac and Windows)Daisy Ein
- FontsHow to Install a Font on Windows 11Ivan Gromov
- Web TypographyHow to Use Color Fonts on the WebKezz Bracey
- Graphic DesignHow to Use Swash Fonts in PhotoshopLaura Keung
- SVGWhat Is an SVG Font? All About SVG FontsLaura Keung