In this short tutorial, I’ll show you how to draw an apple. We’ll create two illustrations: one of a whole fruit and one of an apple cut in half.
Drawing an apple is an excellent opportunity to practice your shading skills. We’ll be using a graphite pencil and ink liners; these tools are a great choice for quick sketching exercises.
What You Will Need
- an ink liner number 0.3
- an ink liner number 0.1
- an ink liner number 0.05
- a graphite pencil (I recommend using an HB or B type)
- a sheet of thick drawing paper
1. How to Draw an Apple
I draw a rounded shape, using a graphite pencil. This shape doesn’t have to be perfectly symmetrical, so I make it taper towards the bottom.
I slightly refine this shape and add a hollow with a stem.
I add rounded ink hatches that repeat the contours of the apple. The 0.05 ink liner is an excellent tool for that.
I leave a thin line of the reflected light near the contour; without it, the shape will look flat.
I add more hatches to the bottom part of the fruit, using the 0.05 liner.
With the 0.05 liner, I create an additional layer of hatching that crosses the existing lines.
I add some vertical hatches, using the 0.05 ink liner. Please note that the lines should conform to the contours of the object.
I also leave two spots of reflected light on the top of the apple.
With the 0.05 liner, I accentuate the three-dimensional look of the apple, applying long hatches to its sides.
These lines are thicker, so it’s simple to increase the contrast in our drawing in no time.
With the 0.1 liner, I continue working on the core shadows, adding groups of rounded hatches to the sides of the apple.
I darken the lower part of the apple even more, applying thin, rounded hatches with the 0.05 ink liner.
I tone down the highlights in the upper part of the object, using the 0.05 ink liner.
With the 0.1 liner, I create a drop shadow under the apple.
To make the texture of the apple more interesting, I add dots with the 0.3 liner in a random order.
2. How to Draw a Half of an Apple
I draw a core line and add two halves of a distinctive apple-like form, using a graphite pencil. There is no need to make the shapes identical; let them be slightly different.
I mark the skin of the apple and add a long shape for the stem.
I refine the relief of the central part of the apple's half.
I add two seeds to the core of the apple. This pencil sketch is ready for inking!
I outline the main contours of the objects, using the 0.3 ink liner.
With the 0.3 liner, I add groups of short hatches to the stem and darken the seeds.
I work on the central part of the apple, accentuating the shadows with groups of thin hatches. The 0.05 ink liner is a great tool for that.
I add thin hatches to the inner boundary of the object, using the 0.05 ink liner.
I work on the inner texture of the apple. I draw small circles and dots, using the 0.05 liner.
As a finishing touch, I add some bigger dots to the apple’s texture, using the 0.3 liner.
Your Artwork Is Complete!
Congratulations! Now you know how to draw beautiful, realistic apples. I hope enjoyed both the process and the result!