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  1. Design & Illustration
  2. Food
Design

How to Draw a Banana

by
Difficulty:BeginnerLength:ShortLanguages:
Final product image
What You'll Be Creating

In this tutorial, I’ll show you an easy and quick way to draw a banana in different forms. We’ll be using a graphite pencil and ink liners.

What You Will Need

  • a graphite pencil (I recommend using an HB or B type)
  • an ink liner number 0.5
  • an ink liner number 0.3
  • an ink liner number 0.1
  • an ink liner number 0.05
  • a sheet of drawing paper
Art supplies for this drawing

1. How to Draw a Banana in a Solid Peel

Step 1

I draw the core line of the banana and mark its borders, using a graphite pencil.

Drawing the framework of the banana

Step 2

I draw the general shape of the banana.

It can be divided into three segments: a thin one for the stem, a wide, curved one for the body, and a triangular one for the end of the fruit.

Marking the shape of the banana

Step 3

I refine the shape of the banana, making it look similar to a real fruit. I also mark the border between the sides of the banana.

Refining the shape of the banana

Step 4

With the 0.5 ink liner, I outline the contours of the banana.

Creating the contours

Step 5

I add hatches to the underside of the fruit, using the 0.05 liner.

Adding the side hatching

Step 6

With the 0.1 ink liner, I add hatches to the sides of the banana, accenting the shape of its body.

Working on the relief

Step 7

I add long hatches to the lower part of the fruit, using the 0.05 liner. The lines reflect the contours of the banana.

Adding long hatches

Step 8

With the 0.05 ink liner, I work on the upper part of the banana, drawing long hatches there. I also add another layer of parallel hatches to the lower part of the fruit. 

Adding hatches to another side of the banana

Step 9

I accent the core shadows on the banana, applying cross-hatching with the 0.05 ink liner. 

Accenting the shadows

Step 10

With the 0.1 ink liner, I mark a drop shadow under the banana; it makes the drawing more realistic.

Adding a drop shadow

2. How to Draw a Slice of Banana

Step 1

I draw a circular shape, using a graphite pencil.

Drawing a rough shape of the front side

Step 2

I add a side face to the rounded shape.

Drawing the side of the slice

Step 3

I mark the contours of the side part of the slice and add the details of the front part.

Adding the details

Step 4

With the 0.5 ink liner, I outline the contours of the banana slice.

Creating the contours with an ink liner

Step 5

I mark the main details, using the 0.1 liner.

Drawing the details

Step 6

With the 0.05 liner, I add long parallel hatches to the front part of the slice. I also accent the edges of the object, applying additional layers of cross-hatching.

Adding the hatching

Step 7

With the 0.1 ink liner, I draw a drop shadow.

Creating a drop shadow

3. How to Draw a Banana With a Partly Removed Peel

Step 1

With a graphite pencil, I draw the framework of the banana and mark the borders of its shape.

Drawing the core line

Step 2

I add the directional lines of the peel’s segments.

Marking the segments of the peel with the directional lines

Step 3

I draw the curved shape of the banana that's located inside the peel.

Drawing the edible part of the fruit

Step 4

I draw the part of the peel that covers the banana. The end of this shape is narrow.

Adding the peel shape

Step 5

I draw the first segment of the peel that is bending aside.

Drawing the first segment of the peel

Step 6

I outline the front and back segments of the peel. It is important to observe a balance between the visible parts of the bent sections.

Drawing other segments of the peel

Step 7

I draw the contour lines on the fruit and add the small details of the peel. This sketch is ready for inking!

Adding details to the banana

Step 8

With the 0.5 ink liner, I outline the contours.

Creating the contour lines

Step 9

I mark the details of the banana, using the 0.3 ink liner. Let’s imagine that the peel has some dark spots and draw them!

Marking the pattern of the banana skin

Step 10

I add hatches to give the banana more volume, using the 0.1 ink liner.

Creating the shadows with the ink liner

Step 11

I draw long hatches that repeat the shape of the peel, using the 0.05 liner.

Working on the peel

Step 12

With the 0.05 ink liner, I add a layer of hatching to the sides of the fruit.

Creating the three-dimensional look of the drawing

Step 13

With the 0.05 liner, I work on the inner part of the peel; it is light and has a peculiar texture. I mark the hollows with groups of thin lines.

Working on the inner part of the peel

Step 14

With the 0.05 ink liner, I work on the edible part of the fruit, accenting its sides with groups of short hatches. 

Finishing the drawing

Your Artwork Is Complete!

Congratulations! Now you have three beautiful drawings. I hope you've enjoyed the process!

I wish you much success in creating new fruit-inspired sketches!

How to Draw a Banana Tutorial
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