In this tutorial, you'll learn how to create an ice effect completely from scratch using special Photoshop Brushes. Some time ago playing with Photoshop and trying to make an ice effect I discovered that "dead trees" can simulate very well the ice's "veins" giving a cool feeling to an image. I'm not going for realism here, but I do like the final effect for this tutorial. I used some text as reference, but this effect can be applied to any shape you want and can add some great style. Let's get started!
Final Image Preview
Take a look at the image we'll be creating.
To make this image look more interesting I added some snow falling down and some dropping down from the letters. The first thing to do before opening Photoshop is to install a few Brush sets. If you don't know how to, follow this very good guide which tells you how to install extra presets in your Adobe Photoshop.
This tutorial is easy, made with basic techniques, can be done with Adobe Photoshop CS2 or superior and you don't need a pen tablet, a mouse is good enough. OK, now let's get working!
Create a document of the size you want, staying near to 1600 pixels by 1200 pixels, 300 dpi resolution (if you are going to print it) or 72 dpi if you're going to publish it on the Web. We can use 72 dpi to keep our document tidy and work faster. Set the Foreground color to black #000000 and then press Alt + Delete to fill the "Background" layer with a black color. Our "Background" layer become black with a touch!
Now choose #ff0000 as our Foreground color and type some text with the Horizontal Type Tool (T) using the settings shown below and the font we previously downloaded. We're using a red color just to create some contrast with the black background and the white effects that will come next.
Now double-click on the Layer thumbnail (or go to Layer > Layer Style > Stroke...) and choose #ff0000 for the color and set the Stroke at 15 pixels. This way we're making the text more rounded and fatty to avoid rough edges.
Create a New Layer by clicking Command + Shift + N, then pick the Brush Tool (B), right-click with your mouse and finally load the new sets of Brushes by clicking on the little black arrow (look below). After choosing Load Brushes... browse to your Presets folder and then to the Brushes folder to load the Brushes. Load all the three sets we previously downloaded, as we're going to need some variety to create the ice effect.
Before beginning the work with Brushes, let's see how to modify the Angle of the Brush selected because it's essential for the next steps. Press F5 to open the Brushes Window: using the Angle option you can rotate the Brush you're using. Allow the Smoothing option for a softer Brush.
Now click near the red area of the letters, everything which happens outside of that area is not important, and we can erase it later. Use your creativity to make something which should look like cracks in the ice - you have a lot of Brushes available to work with.
The Angle and Size settings allow you to set and rotate the Brushes; uncheck the Spacing box to have more control when you're painting the ice cracks. For every letter create a new Layer hiding the one you've already made, so it's easier to look at what's happening in the red area.
Always give a name to layers, as it's easier to keep them organized. During the making of the ice effect it's important to use more linear Brushes to create the main shape of the letters and some bigger ones for the deeper cracks.
Convert the "ICE" Layer (the red one) into a Smart Object (Right-click > Convert to Smart Object). Then Command-click on this Layer's thumbnail to select it completely and apply a Layer Mask to the other Layers.
Create a New Layer, call it "extra" and with a tree brush draw some extra ice into the red letters using the settings below (F5).
Use the Brushes near the borders to make it look more three-dimensional. Help yourself by selecting the three letters so you can paint directly where you need to.
Now go to the Blending Options of every ice layer (the white ones) and apply the settings shown below. These features are very useful also to colorize layers. We'll use a very light blue color (#c9eaf1) in the Outer Glow options to create some halo around the letters and inside to make it look frozen.
Using the Inner Glow option we'll create a glow effect. Apply a value around 10% of noise to make it look more crispy.
Select the "I" letter of the "ICE" layer, then go to Select > Modify > Contract... > 25 pixels. Then click OK. Create a new layer ("Layer 1") and press Alt + Delete to fill the selected area; use full black (#000000). Then Deselect and go to Filter > Blur >> Gaussian Blur... 15 pixels. Do the same for the other letters applying always the same Blur.
Name these black Layers with "black E, C, I" and set their Opacity to 40%. Then create a New Adjustments Layer and go to Levels. Applying the settings shown below, from here they will influence the whole image.
Command-click on the "ICE" layer to select it and then create a new layer and call it "gradient." With a white to transparent gradient draw the bottom to the top. We're drawing some light from the bottom. Set the Opacity to 40%.
Hide the "Background" layer (which is black) and select one letter with the Rectangular Marquee Tool. Go to Edit > Copy Merged then Press Command + V. Do the same also for the other two letters and name the layers with the corresponding letter. Then you can hide all the other layers because from now on we'll work on these new ones, but keep the old ones because they can always be useful.
Right-click on the thumbnail layers and Covert them to Smart Objects. Now Command-click on the "ICE" layer and go to Select > Modify > Contract... by 35 pixels. Apply this Selection as a Layer Mask to every letter. Don't worry if the masking is covering all three letters.
Select the Layer Mask thumbnail and go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur... 25 pixels. Do this to all the "I," "C," and "E: layers. This process is useful to create some darker areas inside.
Below is how it should look like.
Press Command + L on the Layer Mask to Open the Levels and reduce the darkness (value 30). This way the Layer Mask become lighter showing more of the ice inside.
Duplicate the "I," "C," and "E" Layers, Right-click on the Layer Mask > Apply Layer Mask. Finally Merge them. Hide all the rest and create a new layer. Let's start making the snow now.
Pick the Brush Tool (B) and choose a normal circle brush. Then apply the settings shown below in the Brush Windows (F5).
Create a new layer and paint the snow increasing and decreasing the brush size.
Select the "Ice" layer and press Command + T. Then click on the Warp icon and choose the Shell Upper with Bend set to 11%.
Change the settings of the brush with these new ones. Start to paint the snow leaving some slightly darker areas.
Paint the snow on top of the letters. We can work on one single layer now.
After you've done this, retouch the corners and edges with the Eraser Tool (E) using a soft brush.
Create a new layer on top and begin to paint some snow near the base of the letters using the same brush, with the same settings as before.
Leave some little darker areas.
Clean the edges using the Eraser Tool (E) with a soft brush.
Create a New Layer above the snow on the letters and start painting with a black (#00000) Brush to create shadows. Let's suppose the light comes from the top.
Make some bigger shadows where there are humps.
Create a new layer on top and paint some shadows using the same brush. These are the shadows of the letters.
Apply this Inner Glow to the shadows just made.
Add some more falling snow on a new layer on top.
Now select the snow on the top and Duplicate it by dragging the thumbnail to the New Layer Icon.
Do the same with the letters and the snow on top of them. Merge these two layers to make the reflection. Press Command + T, then Right-click > Flip Vertical.
With the Gradient Tool (G) draw on the Layer Mask a vertical black to transparent gradient. Hold the Shift key to keep it vertical. Then apply some Motion Blur: Angle 0° and Distance 20 pixels.
Do the same as before for the falling snow layer: Duplicate, Flip Vertical, add a Gradient Mask, and apply a Motion Blur.
Create a new layer behind the letters and draw a horizontal white line with a brush (always holding the Shift key). Set the Size to 15 pixels and the Hardness to 80%. Set the Opacity of the layer to 90%.
Create a new layer behind the reflections and draw a white to transparent Gradient starting from the line drawn in the previous step. Also add 70% Gaussian Noise by going to Filter > Noise > Add Noise.
This is the actual situation: every effect on his own layer. Now Create a new layer, then go to Image > Apply Image... and click OK.
Call this new layer "ICE IMAGE" and Duplicate it. Now we can hide all the rest, we'll be working a bit on sharpening and increasing the definition.
Duplicate this layer again and apply a Gaussian Blur of 0,3 pixels just to smooth everything.
Then go to Filter > Other > High Pass and apply the following settings.
Again, create a new layer by going to Image > Apply Image... and click OK. Set it to Overlay and 30% for Opacity.
Draw a circle on a new layer with the Elliptical Marquee Tool. Fill it with black, then Deselect with Command + D. Now go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur, and set it to 25 pixels. This gives some sort of vignetting effect.
And here's the final outcome! It could be very nice to add some Christmas decorations! Well it's not that time yet!