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I'm going to show you how to create a color font. Creating fonts has never been so fast, fun and easy as with Fontself, a powerful extension for Adobe Illustrator and Photoshop CC. In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make a color font.
Fontself allows you to create a fully functional font with all the bells and whistles that most professional fonts have (kerning, ligatures, etc.), and the most exciting thing about it is that it helps you to create a color font! You can make your imagination go wild and add any shapes and colors you want (including gradients and other effects) to your characters.
Apart from creating color fonts, that can be used in Adobe Photoshop CC 2017/2018 and Adobe Illustrator CC 2018, you can use Fontself to create standard "non-color" vector fonts that can be used in any other software like older versions of Adobe CC apps, CS6, Microsoft Word, and many others.
Can’t wait to try it out?
Thousands of creatives from Adobe, Google, Apple, Microsoft and other well-known companies already use Fontself. What is also cool about it is that it is 100% indie software that was created by three passionate developers with a goal of bringing us a user-friendly font creation tool. And they made it!
Let’s go through the whole process of creating and using our own color font in Adobe Illustrator CC 2018 and Fontself Maker!
1. How to Draw the Letter A
When I'm creating a font from scratch, I usually start by depicting a general idea. This time I decided to create a font in a colorful line-art style.
I started with a rough sketch of every letter, trying to make each of them unique yet preserving the overall style. I’ll be using this sketch as a guide for the outlines that we’ll be making in Adobe Illustrator.
Please note that Fontself Maker works with Adobe Illustrator CC 2015.3 and newer but to use color fonts you'll need CC 2018 so don't forget to update if you haven't done so yet!
Begin by creating a New Document of desired size in RGB Color Mode. If you select other Color Mode, all colors will be turned to RGB even if defined in CMYK or if the document in the CMYK color space. You can learn more about color space in Fontself from their help page.
Let’s start with the letter A. Take the Polygon Tool (you can find it in the same drop-down menu as the Rectangle Tool (M)) and single-click anywhere on the Artboard. Set the number of Sides to 3 and make a triangle.
Set its Fill color to None and its Stroke color to dark purple in the Color panel. Now, in the Stroke panel (Window > Stroke), set the Weight to 2.5 pt and Cap to Round Cap.
Now we can delete the bottom part of the shape that we don’t need. Take the Direct Selection Tool (A) and click the bottom edge of the triangle. Hit the Delete key (or Backspace if you’re on a Mac) to delete it.
Select the shape with the Selection Tool (V) and hit Enter to open the Move window. Set the Horizontal value to 25 px and Vertical to 0 px, and click Copy to duplicate the shape and move it to the right.
Keeping both shapes selected, take the Shape Builder Tool (Shift-M), hold down Alt, and click the piece on the right to delete it.
Copy the first shape and resize it to make a tiny triangle. Place it at the bottom, creating the feather of an arrow. Select the shape, hold down Alt, and drag it up to create a copy. Add two more copies and attach them along the left edge of the triangle.
Group (Control-G) the created elements of the feather and double-click the Reflect Tool (O). Select the Vertical Axis and click Copy to flip the shape to the opposite side.
Take the Ellipse Tool (L), hold down Shift, and make a 10 x 10 px circle with dark-blue Stroke and turquoise Fill color.
Tip: Use the Eyedropper Tool (I) to pick the fill or stroke color or any appearance settings and apply them to other objects. You can access the options of the Eyedropper Tool (I) by double-clicking it in the Tools panel, and then you can tick the settings that you want to pick and apply.
Copy the stroke by selecting it and dragging to the side while holding Alt. Use the Pen Tool (P) to add an anchor point in the middle of the line. Then use the Delete Anchor Point Tool (-) to delete the point on top of the stroke.
Take the Pen Tool (P) or the Line Segment Tool (\) and hold Shift to make a horizontal line across the letter. This is going to be the bar of the letter A.
Copy (Control-C > Control-F) the stroke and drag it down. Make it shorter by moving the points with the Direct Selection Tool (A).
Now use the Pen Tool (P) to create a zigzag line in the upper part of the letter, as shown in the image below.
Add some more strokes on both sides of the letter, making it look more detailed.
Now that the outlines of the letter A are ready, let’s add some color! We can duplicate (Control-C > Control-B) the letter and Hide the copy in the Layers panel by clicking the tiny eye icon, just in case we need to use these outlines later.
Select the visible copy and go to Object > Live Paint > Make.
Now grab the Live Paint Bucket (K) and hover over the area that you want to fill with color. Once you see a red outline, click the area to fill it.
Continue using the Live Paint Bucket (K) and selecting new colors in the Color panel to fill the triangles in the top part of the letter.
Now let’s go to Object > Live Paint > Expand in order to turn each colored section into a separate object.
Use the Direct Selection Tool (A) to drag a couple of elements out, making the composition more dynamic.
And there we have it! Our first letter is finished! Let’s move to the next one and see what else we can use to make it look unique.
2. How to Design the Letter B
I’m not using any snapping or special grids for this font, because I want to preserve a bit of a handcrafted touch without making it geometrically perfect or pixel perfect. However, to make the font consistent, we need to keep all the letters of the same height (while the width will be different).
Turn on the Rulers (Control-R) and drag a couple of horizontal guides onto the Artboard to mark the height of the letter A. We can access the Guides menu from View > Guides.
Let’s start with the stem of the letter B. Use the Rectangle Tool (M) to make a narrow rectangle of about 30 x 120 px (remember to keep the height equal to the height of your first letter).
Select its bottom edge with the Direct Selection Tool (A) and delete it.
Add a few horizontal lines and attach a couple of 10 x 10 px turquoise circles to the bottom of the shape. We can copy these circles from our letter A.
Now let’s make a straight horizontal line using the Pen Tool (P) and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Zig Zag. Set the Size to 10 px, Ridges per segment to 5, and Points to Corner.
Click OK and go to Object > Expand Appearance to apply the effect.
Place the created zigzag inside the top part of the letter and resize it to make it fit the rectangle.
Let’s create a rectangle of about 45 x 55 px size and align it to the top and left edges of the letter. To do this, select the stem and the created rectangle and click the stem once again to make it a Key Object (you will see a thicker selection around it).
Open the Align panel (Window > Align) and click Horizontal Align Left and Vertical Align Top.
Let’s select the top and bottom right corners of the rectangle with the Direct Selection Tool (A) and make them rounded by pulling the circle marker of the Live Corners closer to the center. We can also adjust the Corners radius manually from the control panel on top.
Tip: If you can't find the top control panel after updating to Adobe Illustrator CC 2018, don't worry! It's still there, and you can turn it on in Window > Workspace > Essentials Classic.
Let’s delete the left edge of the shape. Select the bottom left corner with the Direct Selection Tool (A) and press Delete (Backspace on Mac).
Repeat the same for the top left point, leaving only the arched shape.
Make a larger arc for the bottom bowl of the letter B.
Add a smaller arc inside the bottom bowl. Make the letter more intricate by adding horizontal and vertical strokes. Finish off the outlines by placing two circles inside the bottom bowl.
Let’s duplicate (Control-C > Control-B) the letter and keep the copy invisible in case we need it later.
Select the visible copy and Object > Live Paint > Make. Use the Live Paint Bucket (K) and the Eyedropper Tool (I) to pick and apply colors to the elements of the letter B.
Let’s finish off the letter. Go to Object > Live Paint > Expand and use the Direct Selection Tool (A) to drag some of the colored parts out of the outline.
Awesome! The second letter is finished! Let’s check out some more techniques that we can use for other letters and symbols.
3. How to Draw the Letter C
Take the Ellipse Tool (L) and start with the base of the letter by making a 115 x 115 px circle. Copy the created circle and Paste in Front (Control-C > Control-F). Decrease the size of the copy to 80 x 80 px.
As you may notice, the letter is a bit lower than the top guideline. We’ve left some space above the circle in order to add a few details there.
Take the Pen Tool (P), hold Shift, and make a vertical line across the circles. Keeping the line selected, double-click the Rotate Tool (R) and set the Angle to 12 degrees. Click Copy to add a rotated copy of the line.
Now press Control-D to repeat the last action and keep pressing until you get 30 copies to fill the circle.
Let’s group (Control-G) the created rays and hide them for now.
Now let’s create a silhouette of the letter C. Use the Add Anchor Point Tool (+) to add two points on the right side of the larger circle and two for the smaller one, as marked in the screenshot below.
Now we can use the Direct Selection Tool (A) to click the segment of arc between the created points and delete it. Repeat the same for both circles.
Now let’s reveal the hidden rays and select all the elements of the C.
Take the Shape Builder Tool (Shift-M) and click the rectangles formed by crossing lines. Don’t click all of them; leave some untouched space at the bottom of the shape.
Now we can select the unneeded pieces of the rays in the center of the C and delete them.
Let’s break the pieces of the rays on the left of the letter C.
Use the Pen Tool (P) to add a new anchor point somewhere in the middle of the line and delete the top point with the Delete Anchor Point Tool (-). This way we detach the piece from the edge of the letter.
Continue alternating the rays, making some of them shorter and detaching others to add variation to the silhouette of the letter.
Add some more arched strokes to the inner part of the letter. Attach circles to the tips of the large arcs.
Duplicate the created outlines and use the Live Paint and the Live Paint Bucket (K) to add colors.
Object > Live Paint > Expand the shape and drag out some of the colored rectangles. Great work! Our third letter is finished!
Go on and create more letters, numerals, and punctuation, everything that you might need for your future font. Don’t worry if you don’t make all the desired symbols at once; you can always reopen your font file and add them later.
4. How to Make a Color Font in Fontself
Now for the fun part! Since we have everything prepared, we can finally create a font using Fontself Maker!
First of all, let’s open the Layers panel and place all the letters in alphabetical order, from left to right. Fontself will automatically assign the proper characters if your place them in the correct order.
We can rename the bottom guideline, setting it as a baseline.
Now let’s make sure that all our letters are aligned to the bottom and placed on the baseline. Select your characters and click Vertical Align Bottom in the Align panel, using one of the characters as a Key Object.
Go to Window > Extensions and run Fontself Maker. A compact window of the extension will load, and you can adjust its size by dragging its bottom corners. It has a simple and user-friendly drag-and-drop interface with pop-up hints and an online chat assistant that can help you with your questions.
Now let’s select our alphabet and drag it to the Fontself window. Here we have several options to choose from. If you already have all the characters ready, you can use the ‘A-Z’ area and drop your letters there. Fontself will automatically place them in right order, giving each letter a proper name.
Otherwise, if you don't have all the characters finished yet, place your mouse cursor over the ‘Any character (Batch)’ field and release the mouse key to upload your characters.
In our case, we’re making an uppercase font, so all the letters will be the same for both upper and lower case.
What is great about Fontself is that it makes things so much easier: once we have arranged and aligned our letters, the program will place them in the correct order, using the information from the Layers panel. Just make sure that you drag and drop everything together, including the baseline.
If you need some more control over the guidelines and you wish to add an ascender and descender, you can make it too! Just add two more guidelines, rename them “ascender” and “descender” in the Layers panel, and then drag and drop them into Fontself together with your alphabet. Voila!
You can learn more about using guides in Fontself from the help page.
Now we have every letter placed in its own slot. From here, we can type something in the Live Preview window to check out how it looks and play with Letter Space, Line Space and Scale, if needed.
Clicking the tiny cog icon on the right allows you to change the font size, alignment, and background color.
We can also expand the letter preview window by clicking the tiny diagonal arrows icon in the top left corner of every preview slot (circled in the screenshot below) or by double-clicking the glyph.
Here we have some more options for each letter. We can drag the lines, changing the position of the ascender and descender and adjusting other settings.
Once we’re happy with the letters, let’s add other symbols and punctuation! To do this, just select the elements on the Artboard and click the Batch button in the Home window of Fontself. Your symbols will be added and placed in the proper order.
Now let’s take a look at some advanced settings that are vital when creating any font. Find and click the Advanced button in the Home window of Fontself.
From here, we can adjust the Spacing, Kerning, and some other parameters that are important to make our font look balanced and consistent.
Let’s start with Spacing.
In typography, spacing or tracking is the amount of space between the characters, which affects the density and gives the font its relative openness or tightness. In fact, a good spacing will save you a bunch of time when creating a font, so make sure you start by adjusting it first!
There are several ways to work with spacing in Fontself. First of all, click on the Spacing Pad window and type some phrases there to see how the characters behave within a text. Now, in the grey area on the right, you can see a list of letters and their values. Here you can edit the spacing by entering precise values in the table.
Another way to edit spacing is to do it manually by clicking the character itself and dragging the dashed lines on the left and right sides of it. You will see all the adjustments in the Spacing Pad and in the Live Preview area which already has a sample text with all your characters.
Now that we're happy with the density of the text and its overall look, it's time to adjust the kerning pairs by clicking the Kerning button.
Kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between specific character pairs to achieve a visually pleasing result. In proportional all-caps fonts, it often happens that letters in some common combinations (such as VA or AW) look too far away from each other. In this case, we need to find such pairs and adjust the spacing between them manually, creating kerning pairs. And Fontself has this function too! What is more, it already has some common kerning pairs in the Live Preview window, so that you can see the result instantly.
The same as with spacing, there are several ways to adjust kerning. First of all, click on the Kerning Pad window and type some kerning pairs that you want to edit, for example AVA. Now, in the grey area on the right, you can see the Kerning pairs window and type the values there manually.
Another way to adjust kerning is to click the character and drag the dashed line between the pair. The red line appears for negative values, making the space between the letters smaller. The blue line indicates the increasing space with a positive value that moves the letters farther away from each other. Simple as that.
The next important thing that you might want to use in your font—and Fontself has this feature—is the use of ligatures!
A ligature is a combination of two or more letters into one symbol. For example, in common combinations like ‘tt’, ‘fi’, and ‘ff’, we might want to change some elements of the letters, such as crossbars, to make them look better together. Moreover, while working with color fonts, we can use ligatures in more creative ways, like making some words or names look fancy by adding new elements to them, such as particles, flowers or swashes. In this case, the whole composition can be used as a symbol, i.e. ligature.
Let’s say we want to merge two letters together in ‘TT’ to make a single bar for them. Once you draw out the new letter, select it on the Artboard. Then open the Fontself window and type ‘TT’ in the text area on top and click the Create Ligature button right next to it.
Once you’ve clicked the button, Fontself will ask you what kind of ligature you want to create. Later on, you can find both Standard Ligatures and Discretionary Ligatures in the OpenType panel (Window > OpenType) of Adobe Illustrator and see how they work.
The last but not the least function that can make your font more unique and playful is using Alternates—the alternative versions of some (or all) characters that add variety to the whole text. Those can be versions with other colors, outlines, or swashes.
For example, here you can see that in the word ‘COLORS’, the ‘O’ letters are slightly different. This is how we do it. Once you have the alternative version of the letter prepared, select it on the Artboard and add it to Fontself. The program will ask you if you want to Replace the existing letter 'O' or create an alternate glyph. Just click the Alternate button, and there you have it!
Now that we have added all the characters to Fontself, adjusted the spacing and kerning, and set the ligatures and alternates, it’s time to name our baby!
Click the Font Infos button in the Home window of Fontself and fill in all the needed information. The developers’ hints will guide you throughout the process. I can't but mention their great sense of humor in this part.
Finally, it’s time to try out our first color font! Oh, I’m so excited!
To start with, we can test it right in Adobe Illustrator by clicking the Install button in the top part of the Home window of Fontself. Now you can select your font in the Character panel of Adobe Illustrator (Window > Character) and try it out by typing something!
Once you’re happy with the result, go ahead and click the Export button in the Fontself window to generate an OpenType file with your font and all the cool features that we added to it using the extension. Exporting the font also allows you to Save your work and whenever you need to edit it again, you'll just have to Open it in Fontself and there you have it!
Congratulations! Our Color Font Is Finished!
Great work! Now we can have fun using our color font in Adobe Photoshop CC 2017/2018 and Adobe Illustrator CC 2018! The process of adjusting and installing the font with the help of Fontself Maker was so fun and easy that I haven’t even noticed how I finished all the steps that usually make me bored.
I hope you enjoy creating characters in Adobe Illustrator and turning them into a color font in Fontself as much as I do. Feel free to try it out, and don’t forget to share your results in the comments below or in social networks with #fontself!
If you like the typeface that we've created in this tutorial and you wanna play with it, feel free to grab the Fiesta Color Font at Envato Elements! In the archive you will also get vector files with all the characters to make your own lettering or to try out how it functions in Fontself Maker. Enjoy!