How would you illustrate sounds? Would you make them as musical notes, key signatures, elegant swirls, or wild swooshes? Well let's put away all those for now and look at spectrograms - audio recordings in visual format. We'll be using these in designing a cover for a solo piano album entitled The Storm. And to top things off, we'll also display the cover in a Photoshop enhanced environment.
Final Image Preview
Before we get started, let's take a look at the image we'll be creating. Click the screenshot below to view the full-size image. As always, the layered Photoshop file is available via our Psdtuts+ Plus membership.
The Storm is is my solo piano album in the making, all based on one track, that bares the same name. Though the album is not out yet, and it may be a while until it is, you can get the track itself from lulu. The music is obviously the main source of inspiration for the design we're about to make, so listening to it will give you a better understanding of the tutorial.
In order to come up with a design, we'll analyze the track. The first notable feature is the mood. The increasingly tense atmosphere is something to take under consideration. We'll apply this by using a dark background. We'll also be using high contrasts and avoid warm colors such as yellow, oranges, or red. Those create a jovial feel, which is something we want to avoid.
In the song, there are predominant base notes that support more and more sounds and after reaching the climax they decline to a full stop. In other words, the musical structure is geometric and precisely planned. And so we'll use straight, sharp lines and stay away from curved and spherical elements.
Final decisions: dark background, blue geometric elements, white typography, and an overall high contrast. The basic layout will be based on a simple square, but kept dynamic by using slight angles on design elements.
First of all, we need to create the spectrogram for this track. So what is a spectrograms? Think of it as a music box. A typical music box creates sounds by plucking metal teeth of various sizes that create musical notes. In the same way, sound editing software will embed digital teeth in a bitmap image. Simply put, it's an accurate visual form of an audio recording.
To be able to create one ourselves, we'll use a simple and free program called Bitmaps and Waves. You can go to their site and download it.
After you download the software, open the file, and run the program. No installation is necessary; just extract the zipped file and open the program. Now click on the Fourie tab and use the settings shown below.
For the size of the document used here, we need a bitmap with a size of 4096. You may want it smaller or larger, which depends on the size and resolution of your document. If you want to create the same project as me, then use the settings shown below. Then click Load and open the file you want converted.
Note: This program only works with WAV format files. A WAV file is a raw recording that can be compressed into other formats like MP3, similar to how Photoshop PSD files are compressed into JPG formats. So your track will have to be a lossless or raw WAV file. If you don't have a WAV file, or software capable of conversion, then find a simple converter online.
Ok, so input the specifications and and click on Load. Then open your WAV file.
Now you have to convert the file. So simply press the Convert button. Then bite your nails for a few minutes while it loads.
Voila! Your new spectrogram is finished. Now all you have to do is click on the Save button and put it in a safe spot.
In case you're having trouble with the software, use this spectrogram (from Claude Debussy's Claire de Lune), shown below. It's taller, but you can skew it to look like the one we're creating.
Open the newly created spectrogram with Photoshop. We'll touch it up a bit before we insert it in the actual album cover file. The first thing that we'll do is boost up the contrast. Go to Image > Adjustments > Curves. Then use the settings shown below:
Now change the hue of the image. Go to Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation. Insert the following values.
There are areas of the spectrogram that we don't need for the design. To get rid of them, just use a soft brush and paint over the areas with black, as indicated by the yellow areas arrows below.
Alright, now let's create our new project. Use the settings shown below and name the file "The Storm."
Now we'll make use of our spectrogram. We'll be using it as an illustration for clouds. I wanted to keep the cover simple, crisp, strong, and clear enough as to avoid any information overload on the viewers behalf. Fortunately, from a close-up look, the spectrogram also bears an intricate detail that will give the design the right level of sophistication.
So insert the edited spectrogram into the new project and position it on the top of the page, flipped upside down. Then just rotate it about five degrees backwards so that it has a subtle tilt.
We want the color to be more vivid and have more depth. So duplicate the spectrogram in the exact position, set its layer blending mode to Color Dodge, and set its Layer Opacity to 70%. Merge these two layers together and name the new layer "Cloud."
Duplicate the "Cloud" layer and position it more to the left and lower than it's current position.
Make another duplicate and position it on the other side, even lower this time.
Now get this really awesome abstract photo from sxc.hu. We'll use this to add a subtle depth to the clouds. Insert it in the project, desaturate it by pressing Ctrl+Shift+U . Then align it with one of the "Clouds." Mine is at 70% Opacity so that you can notice the alignment, but keep this layer on 100% Opacity when you align it yourself.
Now change it's layer style to Soft Light. The result should look similar to the following image.
Then repeat the same process for the other two "Clouds."
It's time to add the text. I used a font called Placard Condensed for most of the type. In the image below you also have a simple layout displayed. Careful planning of the grid will keep the canvas organized and eliminate confusion, rather than just slapping on some text here and there.
In this case, the title is the largest text and acts as an anchor for the layout. The smaller box follows the title and keeps the genre subtitle (solo piano) aligned. But to avoid making everything monotonous, I broke the grid by having two opposite lines of text coming out of the initial alignment, hence the second and larger box of alignment.
Also, consider hierarchy. You want to guide the viewers eye from the most relevant occurrence of information to the least important. This is my order: the title should be the first thing to be noticed. It is also large enough to be read from a distance and in small size thumbnail images. Next, comes the author's name and finally the genre.
Most CD covers don't even include a genre subtitle, however I though it appropriate to make it easy for the viewer to identify the style of music. Since the cover's design can be applied to other styles of music, the subtitle will make it easy for a potential customer to know what they are buying.
Create the text using the following image as a reference.
Next we'll showcase the cover artwork on a CD case and incorporate it into a Photoshop enhanced environment. So download these two images from sxc.hu: a wood texture and a CD case. We'll use some great techniques described in Fabio's tutorial to do this: Using the Vanishing Point Filter to Mock Up a Business Card.
So open a new project (without closing the previous one) in which we'll showcase the cover. Name this file "Storm_CD.psd" (this will be our final showcase file). Mine is a standard background size of 1600x1280 at 72 ppi. Insert the wood texture photo on the background and position it accordingly. You may also want to skew it so that it fits the perspective, which is narrow on the top and wide on the bottom.
We'll cut back on the saturation of the photo by using an Adjustment Layer. So go to Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Hue/Saturation and reduce the saturation by 50.
Next, insert and position the CD image onto the wood background.
Now, using the Pen tool, cut out the CD case from the white background. Don't worry about its shadow, as we'll make one on our own, just cut the CD case out. Then name the resulting layer as "CD case."
Set the "CD case" layer Opacity to 50%. Then duplicate it. Also, while having this new layer selected, set the layer's Blending Mode to Multiply and Opacity back to 100%. Then desaturate it by pressing Ctrl+U.
Now it's time to add the artwork. Duplicate the last layer described in the previous step (the CD case set on multiply) and set it's Layer Style to Normal. This one will quite simply be a prop for applying the artwork soon, so name it "Artwork Prop."
Now go back to "The Storm" file (PSD file with the cover art) and merge all the layers together by pressing Ctrl+Shift+E. Then press Ctrl+A to select the entire canvas and Ctrl+C to copy the selection. We're doing this so that we can paste the image onto the CD case using the Vanishing Point Filter.
Note: You should resize the cover according to the CD showcase project so that it will fit in the canvas. It will be easier to insert in the Vanishing Point Filter.
Now return to the main "Storm_CD.psd" showcase file. Also, while having the "Artwork Prop" layer selected, go to Filter > Vanishing Point. Draw a plane using the Create Plane Tool. Use the CD case's bounds as a reference:
Expand the box in every direction.
Press Ctrl+V to paste the artwork. Then simply drag it onto the plane and resize it so that it fits.
Press OK once you've positioned it correctly. Now we'll cut out the cover from the "Artwork Prop" layer. So select the four corners (of the label only, not the CD case) with the Polygonal Lasso tool (L). Then right-click inside the selected area, and go to Layer Via Cut. Delete the layer from which you extracted it.
The edges are now pretty harsh from the Vanishing Point Filter so select the Blur Tool (R) and slightly blur out the edges with a very small brush and 50% Strength. Then name this layer "Label."
At this point, we'll create reflections. So Ctrl+click on the icon of the "Label" layer and press Ctrl+Shift+N to make a new layer. In this new layer, select the Gradient tool (G) and drag over two thirds of the surface from top to bottom. Use a gradient between that goes between white (Opacity 30%) and white (Opacity 0%).
While still having the marquee selection active, make yet another layer. Use different sizes of a round soft brushes, while holding shift, to create 45 degree long angled strokes. Paint with different shades of gray until you get something similar to the image below.
Set the layer's style on Soft Light. That's it for the reflections!
Add a quick shadow on the CD. Double click the "CD case" layer that is currently set on Multiply and give it a Drop Shadow with the following settings as well.
On a new layer, grab the Gradient tool, set in on Radial Mode, select a foreground color of white and a background color of a medium-gray, and then drag from the center-out. Then set the layer's blending mode to Color Burn.
Now we'll add depth to the image. So merge all the layers together by pressing Ctrl+Shift+E. Make sure to keep your original files though as a back-up in case you want to make adjustments later.
Enter Quick Mask Mode (Q) and create a large linear gradient with black (Opacity 100%) as the foreground and white (Opacity 100%) as the background color. Drag from the middle to about two thirds of the canvas, do this in a downward direction.
Now exit Quick Mask Mode by pressing Q again. Then go to Filter > Blur > Lens Blur. Just change the radius to 12 and set it on More Accurate. Apply the Lens Blur and deselect the marquee by pressing Ctr+D.
And we're finished! We've created spectrograms, added them into the album artwork, and showcased the cover on a shiny CD case.