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2.4 The Pathfinder

The Pathfinder allows you to manipulate existing shapes in order to create new shapes based on layer order and shape selection. Learn more about using the Pathfinder in this lesson.

2.4 The Pathfinder

Hello and welcome to this lesson where we're going to take a look at the Pathfinder. All right, so let's go to File>New. I'll name this Pathfinder, and we'll put in 860 by 600 RGB, hit OK, Ctrl+1. All right, so as with the shape builder tool, we first have to have some shapes in, in order to use the Pathfinder. So real quickly I'm going to just use a polygon this time just to make it interesting. And I'm going to left-click, hold Shift+Alt, and I'm going to think I'm actually I'm gonna scale this down maybe right around there. I think that's around eight sides like an octagon. And so then what I'm going to do is I'm going to get rid of the stroke over here. And I am gonna give it a fill of kind of a darker red color. And we might as well go ahead and rotate this so that it's kind of sitting even. And then we're going to create another shape. And this time we'll use the Star Tool in the center. Left-click and we'll drag it out roughly right around there. And we'll make this one a different color this time. [BLANK_AUDIO] Something like that. Something so that we could see, we know, we have two entirely different types of shapes. And we can see them through their different colors. So to get the Pathfinder out, we go to Window > Pathfinder. And so, here are our options. We have Shape Modes, and then we have Pathfinders down here. So I'm gonna select both of our objects, and I'm also gonna hit Ctrl+H and that will get rid of the the path view, so it's not cluttering up the view. And the first one we have here under Shape Modes is Unite. So if we click on this, we can see now it's united everything that was selected which is just our two shapes, eh, unto a single path now. And that's kind of similar to how the shape builder works by uniting paths. So I'm gonna back up, hit Ctrl+Z. And then in this one, Minus Front. We could see what happens now, we're able to create a pretty cool shape out of this. And basically it does what it says, it's taking the top the object that's on top and then subtracting it to create a new shape right here. So I'm gonna back up, and then over here we have Intersect. And this works differently kind of the opposite of Minus Front essentially. And then we also have Exclude, and this does something that's also very interesting for a result. So try to keep these in mind when you're trying to pull something off interesting in your designs, your graphic designs. All right, and then we have down here the Pathfinders. And if you left-click on this one, you can see nothing noticeably changes. But if we hit Ctrl+H, we can see if I back up real quick with these paths in view now. We can see these are two separate paths with both of them selected. If we choose Divide, we can see now it has kind of created a single path that has divided the geometry between them. All right, and then we also have Trim, and this works a little bit differently as well. And again if we look at our paths and what's happening here if I click on Trim, see we'd have just two base, basic paths. Trim, what that does is create a group out of this, and it separates the objects essentially so if you wanted to use the direct selection tool you can move things in and out. So I'm gonna back up again, and then over here we have Merge. And this takes a group, and it merges them. [BLANK_AUDIO] And over here we have Crop. So that will take the one of these layers and make them a only visible, the, the one that's on top of it being only visible based on the path of the shape. And then we have Outline, which will convert everything to outlines. And then finally, Minus Back, which will just take the back and essentially keep it what is, what was ever behind there. And that is it. So I know it's kind of a crash course, and you're probably a little bit curious as to how these would work in real world situations. But these definitely come in handy, the Pathfinder when, when you're working on certain shapes and building out a design. And so that is it. In the next lesson we are gonna go ahead and take a look at manipulating and warping shapes here in Adobe Illustrator. I'll see you then.

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