4.2 Creating the Coffee Cup
Now we will use the Ellipse Tool, Rectangle Tool and the Pen Tool to create the basic shape of a coffee cup. We will also use the Pen Tool to create coffee splashing out of the cup, and to add a simple logo on the front of the cup.
1.Introduction1 lesson, 01:33
2.Shape Creation Tools and Techniques in Adobe Illustrator5 lessons, 38:57
3.Creating an Oceanside Illustration5 lessons, 44:55
4.Making a Coffee Poster5 lessons, 37:48
5.Closing1 lesson, 01:51
4.2 Creating the Coffee Cup
Hello, and welcome to this lesson where we're going to create the coffee cup. So first, before we, we begin, I want to take all these layers, and we're going to group them up. So Ctrl+G or Cmd+G on Mac. And then lock them. That way we can work without being able to select any of them and move them around accidentally. So I, for the coffee cup, we're going to create it here, in a few with a few different shapes. With the first being the Ellipse tool. And so what I'm going to do is, we're just gonna start here somewhere in the center and hold Alt and left-click and drag out roughly an oval around this size. Now we don't need a Stroke, so we can get rid of that. And the color of it, we want to be for now, white. All right, so I'm going to zoom up holding Alt and my scroll wheel. You can also use the Zoom tool if you wish. And we're going to take this, and we're going to copy it Ctrl+C and then Ctrl+F and hold Shift. Left-clicking and moving down approximately the height of an actual coffee cup. So around here should work pretty well. Then we're going to use the Rectangle tool, and we're gonna click right on the path and left-click and drag out. So that it meets the path's eye on all four sides. So now it looks like we have the generalized shape of a coffee cup. All right. So now, at this point, that's when we want to use the Shape Builder tool to build this shape out. So first before I connect these, I want to make a copy of this top portion because we want to be able to be looking as though the top of the cup we can see the inside of it. So we want to maintain this oval right here, so we'll go to Ctrl+C and then Ctrl+F. All right, so I'm going to hit Ctrl+H, so we can view our paths here, and we want to select the one that's beneath it, which is right here. And then we can hold Shift and select these top two as well. So now we have these three shapes that we created selected. And now we can use the Shape Builder tool, and we can left-click, and all of them now are on the same path. Thinking about this, I, I may want to back up just a one step, I, because I think I may only want to include this top portion here as a part of that selection. And the reason being we're gonna use something called the Gradient Mesh tool and I think it would be, it would have a nice effect if we left this portion intact. So I think for now that is good. All right, so now we have basically two copies of this top layer we can hide, just temporarily hide one of them for now. So now, we have this shape here and then this shape up at the top. All right. So, with the shape at the top, actually, we can bring this back. What we want to do is, we're gonna make it a dark brown right around here. And real quickly, I will move this to the top. And we're going to scale that in a little bit. So we're going to left-click, hold Shift and Alt and scale it in, roughly right around there. And then also left-click on this side anchor, and hold Alt, and drag it out a little bit, so that it's even all the way around. So now this is the top, and the inside of the cup. And looking at this, you can also select it and use your mouse arrow keys, and maybe move it up if you need to, and for now, that looks pretty good right there. So now we need to create the handle, so the handle we're going to use the Pen tool. So select the Pen tool, and the handle will be off to the side. And we're just going to left-click and create a Bézier curve, very slightly, roughly right around here and then come back down, and we'll intersect the vertical position of that top portion and create a Bézier curve right there. And then another one right, roughly I'd say, right around here. Actually, we could probably intersect it, so it's the top point right there. Okay. So now we wanna come back around this, and we'll start just down here and left-click and drag. One second while I back up, there we go, and we're gonna come up back around, making thicker near the outer edge of this. And roughly right here and then bringing it back, connecting it to the original point. Now let's just see what this looks like. And see if there's any adjustments that do need to be made. I like the bottom portion. This is pretty good down here. Up here it looks like a little bit of work could be used, so let me zoom up. [BLANK_AUDIO] I'm going to thicken that a little bit. [BLANK_AUDIO] And move that up, that handle right there. So looking at it with 100% with control one, this looks pretty good as is. Okay, so we're going to make this white as well. Okay. Actually, you could probably stand to make it just an off grey, just so we can see this handle here. All right, so now what I wanna do is create the coffee inside of it. And we're not just gonna have coffee sitting in it, we're gonna look, make it look like there's some action, or if it's being thrown or something, just so we can see, we can create an interesting sort of shape for the coffee. So, we're going to zoom up a little bit by using the Zoom tool by clicking and dragging just around the general area at the top. And we're gonna use the Pen tool again. And we're also going to take this and hit Ctrl+C and Ctrl+F to create the duplicate. And we will use this along with the Pathfinder to block out the edge at the bottom, so it, it, there, it flows very well with the curvature of the open part of the cup. All right, so once you've done that, we can go ahead and just outside of this line, we can start the coffee fluid, so I'm gonna left-click a few times and make it just look like it's, there's not right or wrong when it comes to designing this. Just try to imagine what it might look like when there's fluid flying out of a cup, and you could do a search on Google for references of, you know, water flying or spilling and such. And maybe right down there, and then connect it back to the original anchor point just down there. Okay, so we can take this with the Selection tool and also select the portion that we copied right there and their Window>Pathfinder, and we're going to use Divide again, that way we can just get rid of the shape below here. So we could take it with the Direct Selection tool, left-click it, and just hit Delete. And so we have both of these, which we combine right here with Unite. All right? So now we have a nice perfect angle here at the bottom. And this is gonna be a lighter color. We also want to create a few other pieces of fluid or coffee that are flying up here. So I'm using the Pen tool to just create kind of a teardrop shape. Maybe another smaller one. Maybe just like that. And you can always take this and manipulate the anchors. I think I may wanna make things kinda stick out a little further than they are right now. [BLANK_AUDIO] All right. All right, so that looks pretty good right there. And then finally, we wanna just add a logo of sorts in the center here. So the way we'll do that, is zoom up here. We'll go ahead and use the Ellipse tool, hold Shift and Alt, left-click and drag. [BLANK_AUDIO] And I'm gonna use the Pen tool. We're gonna start along the path. Oops, real quickly, let me deselect that actually. All right, so now, we'll use that Pen tool with that object not selected. Start right around there. And just create a Bézier Curve like that, Alt+left-click. And then join it up, roughly right around here. [BLANK_AUDIO] And we'll see if that, how that looks. So we may wanna adjust this a little bit, just so it's coming down further so that it flows well into that circle. Like that. And then up here, if you ho, if you hold your Space key and left-click, you can just drag the canvas up. We can meet it right here. There we go. And so that looks pretty good. Now we're going to Unite the shapes by selecting both. And then we're also going to Divide it. So we're gonna come down here and then roughly right up here. Let me zoom out real quick. [BLANK_AUDIO] Just like that. And come around. Take the Selection tool, like that shape and this shape holding Shift, and take our Pathfinder, hit Divide, and get the divider to get rid of this outer shape. So now we have two different shapes in the middle. This one we can make this color, and this one we can make a darker color. And we can just assume this is a fictional logo of sorts, an identity for a coffee shop. All right, so we'll take both of those, and we'll scale that down a little bit. And we'll also add a sort of circular design around it. So, with the Ellipse still selected, we'll come out here to the center. Shift and Alt. You may need to move that a little bit. First, we're gonna get rid of the Fill. And just, you can use your mouse keys to get that centered. And I am going to use the Type tool. And if you hover over this path, you can also use it by the Type on a Path tool with that selected, we can simply left-click, and that will allow us to add type that goes along this path. I'm just going to use periods. And so you can't see it because they're real small right now, but if I switch to this Selection tool and change the font size, we'll try 30. May wanna go more than that, so I'm gonna try 43. We can see that it adds a shape. I think I want to change real quickly by clicking on Character, the Tracking to make them a little bit further apart. So if I choose 100, that seems to be a lot better, all right. So this just adds a nice circular dot design around it, okay? So, once we have that ready and we like how it looks, we can click Ctrl+Shift and the letter O, and that will convert that to outlines and paths, essentially. So we can't edit it anymore. All right. So with that done, now what we can do in, in the next lesson, we're gonna get focused on taking this all this, this whole coffee cup and actually giving it an interesting sort of coloring and shading, using the very fun Gradient Mesh tool. All right, so I'll see you then.