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4.1 The Basics of Type

Hey everyone, and welcome back. This video is gonna guide you through the basics of the type tool, to get you started with adding text in Photoshop. Now, type may seem like a pretty basic concept, but once you really dive into all the options that are available to you your type-based designs will have an endless possibility. Let's go ahead and take a look. First off, like most of your tools in Photoshop, you can find the type tool on the left hand side of your workspace in the tools bar. By default, the Horizontal Type tool will be visible, but if you take a look at the bottom right corner, the small arrow indicates that there are hidden tools that are available to you. Holding your mouse button down will reveal the Vertical Type tool and the Type Mass tools. For now, let's go ahead and stick with the Horizontal Type tool. So now that your Horizontal Type tool is selected, what the heck do you do with it? Well there are two ways to get started. A single click on your document will create a starting point for you type with no horizontal constraints. Even once you hit the edge of your document, the type will continue to move horizontally. Of course, you can press the Return or Enter key on your keyboard to skip to the next line. And once you finish typing, the check mark on the top will complete the edit. The second option is to create a paragraph text block. This can be done by dragging out a box similar to a rectangular marque selection. This will define your paragraphs bounds. This way once you hit the edge of your block the text will automatically move to the next line. And depending on the paragraph settings you can enable hyphenation and even justification. If you're working on a block of text for a brochure or a book, using a paragraph text block may be your best bet. All right. So now that you know which two options are available to you, let's go back and focus on single line text for a moment while we get the basics down pat. In traditional Photoshop fashion, at the top in your Options bar you'll be able to customize your type. If you've ever used a word processing application before you should be familiar with many of these options. First of which is your font selection. All of the fonts that have been installed on your computer will be available to you to choose from this dropdown. And to the right, you can see a preview of the font to give you an idea of what it looks like. Now to some, that font preview may be a little bit small. If you want to enlarge or decrease the size of that preview in Photoshop CS6 under the Type menu at the top, you're gonna find the Font Preview Size sub menu where you can choose from a variety of sizes to fit your needs. Now if you're still running Photoshop CS5 this option's available to you in Photoshop's Preferences. So now that I've chosen a larger font size preview you can see that it's definitely a lot bigger, a lot easier to see. I'll go ahead and select this font for now. Another way to select your font is to simply type it in. If you select the current font name in the text field, you can type in exactly what you're looking for. For example, I can type in Helvetica, and ifby chance, there are multiple versions of Helvetica. I can use my up and down arrow keys to cycle through the list alphabetically. Perfect, we're gonna go ahead and stick with this. Now, the next drop down to the right, is the font style. Many of you may be familiar with the basic styles, like bold and italic. For simple fonts, you're gonna find the bold and italic options here. But for some more of the advanced fonts you may find more option. As you can see here this font in addition to the basic styles we also have styles such as light, medium, and condensed and of course there are previews for each style to the right. Finally don't panic if the style drop down is grayed out, some custom fonts don't have any style. So, don't worry about it. Now, moving over to the right we have our fonts size. Another option you should be familiar with, in the drop down you can choose from a range of sizes from six points all the way up to 72 points, but if your design requires a large font you can simply type in your font size of choice. For example, for this design if I needed a 200 point font I simply type in 200 pt, which is short for point, and press Return or Enter to accept. By default your font size will be displayed in points, but if you have the need to work in another unit you can change it in Photoshop's Preferences. Pressing Cmd or Ctrl+K will open up the Preferences. And you're looking for the Units and Rulers section. In here, you can change points to either pixels or millimeters. However, if you only need to use pixels or millimeters on a rare occasion, you don't necessarily need to change the unit within Preferences. Back in the Font field, if I know I need to type a word that's three inches high, I can type in 3 in and Photoshop will display a three inch font in points. The same goes for pixels and millimeters. Pretty simple stuff, right? I hope so. Next we have anti-aliasing. This may be new to some of you. Anti-aliasing basically controls how the edges of the font are displayed. In most cases, you'll want nice, smooth edges. But if you're mocking up a website,. You may to change the anti-aliasing to sharp to better match what fonts may look like in a browser. But 95% of the time you'll want this option set to smooth. Moving on over again we have our justification options. Whether you want the text lined up on the left, the right, or the center, punching in any of these options will nicely line up your text for you. The last option we're gonna cover in this video, will be the color of your text. Another fairly simple option. Your text color can either be set before you start typing or after the text has been created. Either way, this color picker will control your text color. Now, it's important to note that this is different than the color pickers that you have in your tools bar. Those are foreground and background colors. Once the text has already been created you must change the color using the color picker that's in your Options bar when your type tool is active. And that'll just about cover the down and dirty basics of the type tool but there's so much more to cover. We'll see you soon.

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