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3.5 Healing Tools

Hey everyone, and welcome back. Even if this your first time opening up Photoshop, there's a high chance you've heard the word, that image is so Photoshopped. Almost every image you see in professional magazines these days have been digitally edited. Some contain minor blemish edits, while others go to the extreme, pinching and pulling every last inch of skin. In this video we're gonna be covering some of the common tools in Photoshop to help with your editing. Such as the clone stamp, the spot healing brush, the healing brush and the patch tool. [BLANK_AUDIO] Starting with cloning, the clone stamp tool is one of the more traditional editing culprits. Like the other tools in Photoshop, the clone stamp can be found in the tools bar to the left. Look out for an icon which resembles a stamp. You can also access this tool using the S shortcut key. Unlike some of the new content aware tools, we the user must tell Photoshop what to replace the blemish with. If you were to simply start brushing right after selecting the tool, Photoshop is going to throw up a warning to inform you that you need to define a clone area first. Here's how that's done. Moving the brush over top of a clear area, hold down your option key on the Mac or Alt key on Windows, and you should see your cursor now has a crosshair inside of it. When you click your mouse, you're telling Photoshop what you want the area to become the source of the clone. When the source is locked in, you can now begin brushing. As you brush over top of the blemish you're going to notice that the clone source is moving along with your strokes. This is to insure that your end result blends nicely, and the clone stamp also uses many of the same fundamentals that we learnt with the brush tool. On the options bar, we have many options which can help with your cloning. The size and hardness of your brush can greatly affect your result. When working around areas that aren't too detailed like skin, a soft brush may work quite well as the extra softness will blend the clone nicely together. It's always a good idea to test out different combinations when looking for that perfect result. The opacity of your brush can also benefit you when you're blending your source with the blemish. Opacity controls the transparency. In this case of your brush, there will certainly be times when you don't necessarily want to remove the blemish completely, so turning down the opacity will help reduce its visibility. Flow on the other hand can be looked at like smoothness. At 100%, you're brush strokes will all connect and give you a very smooth result. Decreasing this value will add steps to your strokes. Instead of a smooth brush stroke, you may now have breaks in your brush. While this doesn't seem ideal, decreasing the flow value can help if you're dealing with an area that has pretty defined textures. Breaking up the brush strokes may help step away from the repetitive looking result. Now one of the little known features that goes along with the clone stamp is the clone source panel. This panel can be activated by going up to the Window menu, and then down to clone source. You can also find it by clicking on the stamp icon on your options bar when the clone stamp is active. One of the neat features in this panel is the ability to save up to five clone sources, and switch between them all. We need to find your first clone source. It gets applied to the first slot in this panel. Clicking on any of the other four slots will allow you to define additional sources, even from other documents. Let's say you have three documents open, which contains different stone textures. Using these slots effectively, you can have all those textures available to you in your projects. In addition to saving multiple sources, the clone source panel also allows you to scale and rotate your source. This can certainly help avoid repetitiveness in your edits, and allow you to clone objects which may have a curve to them. Without using the rotate option, your clone would not line up. [BLANK_AUDIO] The next tool that we're gonna be discussing is the spot healing brush. And whether your broke out in acne, have a few stray hairs or a stain on your shirt, the spot healing brush can magically make those all disappear, sometimes even with a single click of the mouse. Unlike the clone stamp tool, the spot healing brush doesn't require a source in order to cover up your blemishes. There are three methods that this tool uses in order for the magic to happen. The first method, Content-Aware, should be your first method of choice. If you've used Photoshop CS4 or CS5, you might be familiar with some of the Content-Aware options that Adobe has included. Content-Aware works by sampling the surrounding area and then intelligently fills in the area with what Photoshop thinks should be there instead. If you were to click on a mole on someone's face, Photoshop will take a look at what surrounds that mole, and cover it up seamlessly with that information. Many times, when working on a photo retouch, I'll grab my spot healing brush. And simply click on all the spots that I want removed. It's a great way to start your edit. The next option is Proximity Match. This works very similar to Content-Aware, but it lacks the intelligence. For many of your edits, this method may work well, but if you start dealing with areas that contain multiple textures. Photoshop may become confused as to what you want to replace. You'll typically end up with a smudged spot. As you're going to see in this example, when I use proximity match because it's so close to the other textures, the result isn't what I was expecting. However if I now switch over to Content-Aware and click on the same spot, Photoshop does a much better job at covering it up. Finally, the texture method is the absolute last option you want to resort to. Essentially when you click on the area that you want corrected, Photoshop will look at the surrounding area, and create a texture based on that information it will then place the texture over top of your blemish. For very small areas that contain very little variance this may work well for you but again this should be your last option. And of course just like the other brush related tools you are able to adjust the size and harness of your brush in order to tweak your results. Next up, let's take a look at the healing brush tool. [BLANK_AUDIO] Take the clone stamp tool, remove the cloning aspect, and add in some healing. You now have the healing brush tool. In terms of functionality the healing brush works very similar to the clone stamp where it require. There's a source in order for Photoshop to heal the area in question. So, just like you learnt earlier hold down your option key on the Mac Alt key, and Windows and then click on an area that contains a similar but cleaner texture to define the source. At this point brushing over your blemish will tell Photoshop what you want to replace that blemish with, from the information from the source. Photoshop will do its best, not only to remove that blemish, but also blend the surrounding area to make the result look as natural as possible. Many of the other features within the healing brush have been brought over from the clone stamp. You can choose to align the sample if you wish and you also have access to the clone source panel for saving, scaling, and rotating your sources. However, one additional feature you have access to is the ability to use a pattern for your source. This option can be very useful if you'd like to change the texture of an object, but keep the overall tone of the image in tact. For example in this picture, the monkey is sitting on a fairly plain floor. Using one of the rock patterns that comes with Photoshop, I can add some additional texture to the floor while keeping the proper lighting of the image. Now keep in mind that this method isn't recommended for replacing objects completely. It's available for situations like this, where you might wanna blend an additional texture into an object. [BLANK_AUDIO] In Photoshop CS5, Adobe introduced Content-Aware fill, a tool that uses witchcraft to magically remove items from your photo. Okay, it's not actually witchcraft, but rather an algorithm that none of us really understands. Now in Photoshop CS6 Content-Aware has been brought to the patch tool. Let me show you how this will help you out in your projects. In this photo taken at Disney, I'm quite happy with the overall photo, except the bottom right corner of the image. A bunch of trees and some lights have ruined the photo. Let's first try out Content-Aware fill. I'm gonna grab my standard Lasso Tool and draw a sloppy selection around the cluster I don't want. Once the selection has been made, Shift-delete or Shift-backspace to bring up the fill dialog box. Here we want to make sure to chose Content-Aware from the drop down. When we press OK, Photoshop is going to analyze the information around the selection and do it's best to create an acceptable result. Now while it works well alot of the time, in this case, because our selection is so close to the castle, our result isn't exactly what we were expecting. Sure we can go the extra mile to create smaller selections and try again,but there should be an easier way. Well now there is. With Content Aware now available as part of the patch tool, certain edits will be that much easier. Going back to when we made our selection on our tools bar to the left, let's find our patch tool. It's going to be hiding with the other healing tools. With that done, at the top on your options bar make sure to choose the content aware option. Now, instead of Photoshop deciding what will be sampled, we get to boss Photoshop around. I can simply drag my selection to an area that. That I want Photoshop to sample. And once it's complete, you're gonna notice the result is much better. You also have the new adaptation option on your options bar. This essentially tells Photoshop how much freedom it has, when replacing your selection. Let's hop over to this picture of a crazy lemur, to show you how it works. On the left side of the image, there's a straight tail, which is distracting me a little bit. Creating a very basic selection around the tail. Let's take a look at the different adaptation options. Starting with very strict. You're going to notice that when I release my mouse over top of these leaves, Photoshop will replace the selection with almost exactly what was chosen, with very little concern for the surrounding area. Now let's look at the extreme opposite. Choosing very loose will give Photoshop much more breathing room when it attempts to fill the selection. This time you're gonna notice that it uses the same leaves but it also uses much more from the surrounding area which can result in a much better blend. I found that the medium setting usually works well but in certain situations the other settings may provide better results. And that's a look at some of the healing tools found within Photoshop, of course there are many more ways to heal your photos but these few tools should give you a great starting point for your edits. We'll see you in the next video.

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