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2.4 The Layers Panel

Hey, welcome back to Gravit Designer Quick Start. In this lesson, we're gonna check out the Layers panel in Gravit and we're gonna look at the main functions that it offers you. In the last lesson, we looked at presentation mode in Gravit and we saw that we have a bit of a problem with some protruding elements in our design that we don't actually want to have visible. So the first thing we're gonna look at with our Layers panel is the ability to nest shapes and paths inside one another so that you can clip off different parts of images and shapes and other objects that you have in your design. So, let me show you a quick example. So I'm just gonna start by drawing out two rectangles. One, two. I'm gonna change their color, I'll change one of their colors so that you can see the difference between the two. Just change this one as well, make it a little brighter. Actually, that's probably going to look a bit too garish on your screen there. So just change it to this color. And what I can do is actually take one of these rectangles and drag it up and drop it on top of the other rectangle here in the Layers panel. And if I do that, watch what happens. There we go. So now what's happened here is this rectangle here is clipping this rectangle here. So all we can see is whatever parts of this rectangle are visible through this rectangle's shape. So if we expand over here on the left by clicking this little arrow, you can see we still have both of our rectangles here. Now if we click on each one, we can select either of these rectangles. That gives us a way to control which portion of any given shape that we were gonna have visible on the canvas. So we gonna take this functionality and we're gonna use it to solve that problem in the presentation mode here. So I'm going to create a new rectangle and I'm gonna have it at the top of our Layers panel here. And then I'm gonna nest all of these other objects inside it. So I'm just gonna draw out a rectangle. I want it to be the same size as that canvas. So let's have a look and see what size the canvas is by clicking anywhere outside all of the objects. So we can see here that we have 1024 by 768. So let's select that rectangle again. Gonna position it at 0, On both the x and y positions. I'll change our width to 1024. And our height is all ready 768. So now to get rid of all of this extra area here, we're gonna clip all of that off by selecting all of our items by clicking the first item, holding Shift, and then selecting the bottom item. Now we're gonna drag and drop them onto our top rectangle here. So there we go. Now, everything is nicely clipped and we don't have any excess image or anything else hanging over the outside. So if I move this, you can actually see that we still got our canvas underneath. But now, everything is lined up flash with it. And if we expand this, We can still access all our individual items in here as well. Now, we can rename this rectangle too by selecting it and then double-clicking on it and we can name this to, say, clip to canvas To help us keep track of the purpose of this shape and now I'm going to presentation. Mode. Now you can see that the black bars at the top and bottom are gone. This isn't filling out my whole screen and that's only because the template that we chose has a different aspect ratio to the monitor that I'm currently using. But you can see that all that empty space that was there at the top and bottom has now gone. And another thing that I wanna point out about the Layers panel, while we're still in this presentation document is if you have a look at the little icons on the left side of each one of these objects here, it tells you what type of objects you're working with. So that's just another really handy way to help you keep track of everything that is going on in your document. And you'll also notice that when I hover over any of these items, I have two things appear on the right here. One is the ability to lock an object. So it can't be moved or edited accidentally and the other is the ability to show or hide that object. So now there's just one more thing that I wanna show you about the layer system. And that is that by default, you might think that these items here are actually layers but they're not. It's not obvious right away but to create what is actually called a layer in Gravit, you need to hit this little button here to create a new layer. And that's gonna give you a folder type icon. And layers in Gravit are primarily for organization. They primarily act as containers for all of your paths and shapes and images and texts. So now if I want to contain my rectangles here inside that layer, I'm going to need to drag and drop into that layer. And now these objects are inside my layer. And now if I wanna create another layer, then if I want my new shapes to go inside this layer I need to make sure it's selected and I can create more shapes that we put inside this layer. Now the reason that I want to show you how these layers work, is once that you know that they're there to help you with organization and two, so that you understand what this tool here is, this little layer selection tool. So, if I select it, now if I click anywhere, instead of selecting the shapes that are on the canvas, instead, I'm gonna be selecting the layer itself. So at, right at the top level. Because if you just have shapes on the canvas and those shapes are outside one of these layers and you grab the layer select tool, you're gonna be wondering why it doesn't seem to do anything. So I can click on the shape that's not in a layer and it's not gonna let me select it. So it only works if you have these little folders, these organizational folders. And if you do then that just gives you an easy way to select each of the layers that you have in your document. And the very last thing that I wanna point out about the layer system is just how you can tell what's happening when you try to drag and drop layers in your panel up here. So when you drag and drop an item, If something is gonna go above or below a selection, then you'll see this little pink line with the dot on the end of it. And you can tell where it's gonna drop by how indented that line is from the left-hand side. So here, you can see that the line is only indented a little bit. So if drop this rectangle here, it's not gonna be nested inside anything, it's just gonna be at the top level. But if I drag the same rectangle up here, now you can see that the little dot is further indented to the right which tells me this is gonna be dropped inside layer one. If I want to nest something, then, say I wanna take this rectangle and I wanna nest it inside this other rectangle, then I need to look for the entire thing to be highlighted. Then when we drop the item, it's gonna be nested inside. All right, so that covers all the essentials of working with the Layers panel. So we've seen how you can use it to make one shape, clip another shape for example. We've seen how you can drag and drop items around in the Layers panel and we've seen that layers themselves are pretty much organizational folders that you can then also directly select with the layer selection tool. In the next lesson, we're gonna go on to looking at the path editing tools that come with Gravit. Now Gravit has some path editing tools that are fairly standard for pretty much every vector editing tool, but it also has some that are pretty unique. So we're gonna check out those tools and how you can use them in the next lesson. I'll see you there.

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