2.3 Grouping and Arranging
In this lesson, you’ll learn how to group shapes in Illustrator, and how to move shapes in front of and behind one other. We’ll also explore how Illustrator's “isolation mode” can help us.
1.Introduction2 lessons, 07:41
2.How to Draw in Illustrator9 lessons, 1:51:08
3.Color2 lessons, 14:43
4.Type and Fonts1 lesson, 10:08
5.Effects and Patterns in Illustrator4 lessons, 40:43
6.Exporting1 lesson, 11:05
7.Conclusion1 lesson, 01:34
2.3 Grouping and Arranging
Hi there, this video we're going to take our drawing from the last video and do this to it. We're going to color him in, but along the way we're going to use grouping, arranging. What isolation mode is? All sorts of fun stuff, lets get started. All right, let's look at grouping, arranging, we're also gonna color them in. If that sounds real simple, hang around cuz there's things like isolation mode that you really need to understand before moving on. All right, so first up, let's turn off our trace layer, okay? It was useful for getting us here, but we don't need it anymore. So under your layers panel, let's just turn the eyeball off, or this little icon here. The first icon in the Layers panel, we don't need it anymore. You can click on it and hit the trash can way down the bottom here and that will just get rid of it. And I'm just gonna leave mine there, I'm gonna undo, just turn it off. So let's first of all look at grouping and then isolation modes. So I'm zooming in, I want to do a couple things. I want to grab my pentagon and I want to give it a black fill. So I'm going to click on fill, make it black. And I'm going to get the stroke and none color. We have a small problem, as there now star. You can see if I use my black arrow, I can just hover above and eventually, find my star by just clicking the little blue line that appears, it's there. But because it's black on black and it has no center, it can't be seen. So let's have a look at fixing that. So, stroke, I don't want any stroke on it. And the fill, I would like this option here for white. Cool, so I wanna group these two. So I need to select both of them, sometimes you can't click both. I'm gonna zoom in just a little bit. Makes it a little easier to click individual items when they are really close. So I clicked on my pentagon, okay? I'm gonna hold shift, and click on my star. So, I've got them both selected. So, what I want to do is group them, so that they kind of stick together. Okay, so I can go up to Object and go to this one that says Group, there it is at the top. All that means now, is if I click off in the background and I click back on just either one of them, they’re both kinda connected. It’s not forever, okay, I can go to select and go to Ungroup, and that will separate them up again. But that’s how to group them, grouping is handy. One thing you will run into is something called isolation mode and this is where most people get lost in Illustrator. The people that I teach quite a few then add double clickers, they love double clicking stuff. [LAUGH] What happens is, I don't know. We know from lots of programs, you're gonna double click things but if you double click in illustrator, everything goes wrong. So if I double click a star, double click, okay. What happens is the background greys out and I can still work on these guys, but I can't work on the background anymore. All that's happened is you've entered something called isolation mode. And the way to really tell is at the top here, can you see this thing, this gray bar here didn't appear before. I'm gonna go back out of it by clicking this arrow twice. Okay, so I'm back out of it, it'll appear up here, I'll move so it's easier to see. If I double click on this, this little bar appears and everything else that's not in that group is kinda blanked out. Why do we have it? It's mainly to confuse everybody that I'm teaching, but it actually has a really good use. It means that when I'm back outta here, so I've got these things together. But I wanna kind of move them, I want the star in a different position to the pentagon. So, instead of going to Ungroup and then moving around and then regrouping them. What you can do, is just double clicking them. And think of it as going inside that group, we've kind of dived inside. Everything else is grayed out, it's not important, now we're inside this group. Okay, now these guys are separate again. So I can go actually, I want my star to be, I don't know why, but you want it down there. And what it means is, I can click this arrow to go back to layer one and then all the way out to exit isolation mode. Just keep smashing away at that little arrow untill it goes away. And now, there's still a group, okay? But you were able to dive inside and change it. So I'm gonna dive inside again, grab it, stick it back roughly in the middle, roughly enough. We're gonna stick both of them and arrange them. And again, you can keep clicking on the arrow to go back, or double click the background. That kind of jumps you out like bit of a quicker shortcut. So if you ever get lost and think ike man, that thing's not working, it's not locked. And from inside of here, you can see a lot of these things don't work, these menu items, their all grayed out. Because we're in this kind of like special world isolation mode. Double click the background to come out, everything will come back to normal. So if you're lost, click the arrow or double click the background and you can come out. Hopefully you can see the use of isolation mode. Let's look at another things, so I'm gonna work on both of these little thing here, and I'll click on this. We're gonna put the edges member of this foot. I'm gonna click fill, I'm gonna pick an orange, just randomly from in here. And I'm gonna have stroke of, none. I'm gonna click this fella, this other foot, and I'm gonna do the same thing. I'm gonna make it slightly darker orange, okay? And I'm going to have a stroke of, none. Now, the trouble is is that this one that I kind of want at the back is in front of my front foot. Just because I, I drew him last, okay? But if you draw ends up on top of the last things. So what I can do is I can select them, I can go to Arrange, and I can go to Send to back. And there you go, that's how to arrange things. And we're gonna do lots of arranging now. We're gonna get the layer order all right. You can use layers but in Illustrator, unlike something like Photoshop, you generally only have one layer that you work on. You can add more but because these are all kind of individual vector objects Illustrator, allows you just to kind of arrange them and bring them to the front. If you want this guy at the front now, I can click on Arrange and say bring to the front, Arrange and Send it Back. One other really useful thing to know before we go through and start coloring stuff is that, watch this. If I grab my penguin, I'm just grabbing all of the penguin bits. Okay, so I've just dragged a box instead of holding shift, okay? And shift clicking it all, that would work, okay? It'll be there for a long time. What you can do with your black arrow is just click, hold, and drag a box kinda roughly around. Can you see I haven't colored the feet? Cuz I don't want that rectangle at the bottom, which is my ground. I'm gonna go just above there, and because I've overlapped those last little objects it should select them all. That's one way of doing it. What I'd like you to do is, by default I can't exactly remember whether it's on or off. I'm gonna show you both ways. So, what I'm gonna do is, I'm gonna scale this down. So I've got everything selected. I'm gonna hold my shift, so it scales it proportionally, grab the corner. I'm gonna scale it right down to my teeny tiny version of my penguin. Something weird happens, [LAUGH] right? All of the stokes are, they don't scale down proportionally, okay? That is still like a nice solid, where is my eye in the middle? Remember we made him four point, he is still four point, so I'm gonna undo. So there's gonna be times when you need that to scale down, where you want these strokes just to remain the exact size you told them to do be. So ,to do that let's click off into the background, but nothing selected. This is option here the scale stroke and effects, okay? So with nothing selected you can turn on and off. You'll be turn on and off recently, for me, I turn it on and off quite often. Okay, so I cut it off, I'm going to drag oral this guys. I'm going to shrinking them right down. To be a little mini penguin, you see all the strokes came along for the ride. Other than to see a tiny penguin, I wanted to show you that little technique, okay? Before we move on. So I'm going to undo so he's back to his regular size. When would you want to use this? Let's say, that you're drawing something that's a bit more, say, you're a fashion designer and you need a stitch, okay? And you need to resize it, but you need that stitching detail to stay the same. Or say, you were drawing like I've taught open planners. This illustrator gets used by lots of different people, say this is a road, okay? And this is another road, say these are not these are roads, okay? And I wanna scale them up and down but I want them to keep the same thickness to match everything else at some of my document. Okay, so I wanna scale it up and down but I wanna retain the thickness. But most of the time, have nothing selected, just make sure it's on. That's a, I bet you probably 70% at the time, you just gonna need to leave it on. But no, that's where it is when you wanna scale it down, you can turn it off and it will keep its stroke size. All right, we're gonna work through and color this fella using our new found grouping, arranging techniques. I'm gonna click on the body. I'm gonna say you my mind have got to fill a black. And a stroke of wait, actually, I might do him last because he kind of makes these a little bit harder to use. So I'm gonna click on him. I'm gonna shift and then click on the eye because I wanna do the same thing. I want them both to have a white center, and no stroke please, awesome. Now, I'm gonna click on the body, and I want the body to have a fill of white. And, nope, I want it to have a fill of black and I'd like to have it no stroke. Okay, so my alignment's actually working out fine except for my little flipper here, you can kinda see him. So it's a little bit hard to find that flipper. I can kinda roll around and I eventually find them. And that's actually probably just perfect. Click on them, and I can say you, my friend, have a fill of black, a stroke of white. And I wanna bring you to the front, by going to Arrange, and say Bring to Front. Another way to do it, I'm gonna undo, okay? So I can't see it, right? There was a kind of skeleton view you can use, it's called Outline. If I go to View, and go to this one that says Outline, okay? It's a common thing to use, Cmd+Y, okay? Or Ctrl+Y, can you see, it's just like a really wire-frame version. So you can do things like, actually, click on him cuz it easier to see in this view. I can go to Arrange, Bring to Front. Then go to View, and so you see Cmd+Y toggles between GPU View. Which is [LAUGH] not a sexy way of calling it, but it just toggles outline to view, outline to view. So, I do that quite a bit if I lose something. If I'm like, mm, I'm pretty sure there was a flipper here somewhere. I can just go to command y on my Mac, or control y on my PC, and just select them. I'm gonna grab you, I'm gonna give him a no stroke. [SOUND] I want you to be the same, you are going to have no stroke and a black fill my little beak. I'm gonna grab you who are nicely grouped, my little sheriff's badge penguin. You'll notice, I should've selected all of these on one go, because they're all doing the same thing. I can do another little trick is, can you see this little eye dropper tool here? Okay, it says eye dropper tool, so to make it work I have this selected. Okay, the outside of it, grab the eyedropper tool, and then click on the middle of my beak here. And it goes and steals the same settings, so it changes the fill and the stroke to match it. It's handy little advanced one. All right, what I might do is I might grab this, is gonna be a fill of some sort of grey thing here. And I'm gonna show you a few other color options. So grey, I'm not sure why it's grey. It's ice, I just wanna a really monochromatic design. This edge of this for the water, what I'm gonna do is, say you've got these presets in here, okay? Just, these are premixed, they're called swatches. Adobe has just said these are the ones, they're just some defaults, and they're good. But say you want your own custom color. See this little icon here? Color mixer? Okay, it gives the option down at the bottom for this thing here called the RGB spectrum. It's just a little rainbow-colored thing, click anywhere on it. And it's the tip of the little eyedropper will be the color, so you can pick any old color you like. Move it around, pick any old color there, common on. That's gonna work for me ish. All right, a bit more green. And I'm gonna get rid of the stroke on these guys, same with you. Goodbye, stroke. And now, I'm just messing around, you can skip through the next video now. [LAUGH] I'm gonna go through and color all of these holding shift to grab them all, here we go. We're gonna go fill with white. Now, remember if you want to go back the swatches, click on this first one. And I'm going to have a stroke. I'm going to put in a little bit of a background color because I want to see my white belly a little bit better. So I'm going to put in, you can change the background color, okay? You know how it's white there the page color? You can't just go and say set background color like you can on some programs, you actually have to draw a box. So rectangle tool, I'll draw it all the way across covering the whole thing. I'm gonna give it a color of that really light grey, there we go. And I'm gonna give it a stroke of none, and I'm gonna say arrange in the back please. And that just means that you can see the belly of my little dude there. And if you're like me, I don't like his little potbelly now [LAUGH]. I'm gonna click on him, click on that guy once, to get the corner. And just drag him back down, so he's got a nice square belly, [LAUGH]. All right, my feet a little bit, so you can kinda see that he's got feet at the side. All right, so that's us for this video. We have created a little potbelly contender penguin. And what I'd like to do is give you a task now, okay? So I'd like you to create your own creature. The boundaries are, you have to use the tools we've learned in the last three videos. So just things like simple shapes like our triangles, pentagons, stars, rectangles. The corners you can use? I don't want you to use any of the other tools, just these simple tools we've used. The other thing is let's keep your animals, I'm gonna give you some boundaries. We're going for ocean going animals. It could be in the sea, or like a penguin, kind of related to the sea. So pick another animal and doesn't matter whether you hand draw it and then scan it in. Or whether you just draw it straight in Illustrator, it's up to you. Now remember, this is your first drawing, so don't worry if you're like this isn't good. I would love to see it, okay? So if you take a screen shot or save this as a JPEG. If you're not sure how to save a JPEG, we'll do it later in the course, okay. Look for a video called exporting from illustrator. You can kinda sneak ahead to that one just so you can get the JPEG out or you can just do a screenshot. And I'd love for you to upload and tag it to me in Twitter and Instagram. So on Twitter, I am @danlovesadobe. Also tag in tutsplus, okay? So Envato Tuts+. They are @TutsPlus on twitter, and on instagram, I am @bringyourownlaptop. Tag me in, I'd love to see what you did. So pause it now, go do that. And then I will see you in the next video where we start looking at something called the shape builder tool, all right? I'll see you then.