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4.1 Initial Shadows and Highlights

Hello and welcome back to the Advanced Retouching Techniques course. I'm Lewis Morehead, and we are now on lesson 14. In this lesson, we will start with the free touching process. So we start from the back and then work our way forward, concentrating on shadows and highlights. Most of this process is all about doing an adjustment, or a shadow, and then coming back to it later. That's what it's all about, it's a about get a bit of different perspective, taking a break. And an hour later and then come back to it and thinking, that needs to be changed, or something like that. It's not the exact science so it just takes a good eye to look at the image, and figure out where a shadow or highlight, needs to be. Okay, so I'm gonna have to navigate here off screen, just so we got a bit more real stay on our layers. This, just gonna navigate right here. I'm gonna have this off screen, on my other screen, just so I can use that. I do need to see that. So I'm just going to zoom in. There it is. So, as I said, we're gonna be starting from the back. So let's go to our layers and make sure we are using the back. So let's just go through them all. We've got the moss, the front leaves, here. So let's start to group our fern properly. So all of this is the front. So group back, Ctrl + G. Or the front or foreground, if you want, same thing. That means that we're saving space here. We're not going to be trying to find the group where it's in and it's all laid properly. Okay, so that's the front. So, you got the leaves, bottle area, Leaving the trunks and the parrot. Okay, so let's group all of these layers. We've got leaves here, the bottle as I said, and you've got the trunks above, make sure we get this right, so then the trunks above, all these together. So, you've got the leaves, the bottle, and the parrot, so just all these together, and group them, so you've got the trunk. So let's pull these trunks in, so that's the main trunks there. Okay, it's got like parts of the front of the bottle, was fine. We can sort that out. Stabbing at the trees in front, that's fine again. Bottle, we leave that as a layer. The moon, so you need to put this moon right behind everything, really. Put it just above the sky. We don't need this above all those layers. Okay, that's fine. So we've got the mountains, the moon, sky, fence back. So we can all this, Background. So we've got the fence back, trees behind. Leaves around the bottle. This is the back. Trunks. And that bit there, little bit there. Okay, so all this bit here and the leaves behind is just the main bottle area. So bottle. Trees in front. Trunks. Okay, we're doing good. Okay, so now we can start the retouching process. So, the first thing to do is this back tree part here. So, making a bit of a shadow between there. So, you can see what I mean here, to these trees here. So first thing to do, I'm going to show you what adjustments I used for the shadows. Now, the smart way to do this, sometimes you can use a new layer and just go to edit, fill, 50% gray. Then, you could get a soft light. On the layers, a dodge or burn. So, just shade it in like that and that makes a nice shadow. And then, I'm going to do this on most layers just by using a levels adjustment, and then changing the layer set to multiply. And then attaching it to that layer on the white. So I'm how on the quick mask, I'm gonna hit Ctrl + I on your keyboard, on the mask, and then it'll turn it to black, so then we've got nothing revealed. So then zoom into where we're going to be doing our shadows. Okay, so it's here and here, so on that mask Get our brush, with our whites, color. Soft brush. Round, 160 pixels. Bring the flow down to about 30%, same with the opacity. About 50% on the opacity. And I just start shading in, zooming out and in when you need to, just to get a bit of different perspective. So I'd say that's too much. May need a brush a little bigger. Okay that's that. And then just click in where you think there should be shadows. So that's fine for now, we can come back to it like I said. It's all about coming back t get a different perspective each time. So that's fine where it is. So now let's work on our trees in front. So again, a new levels adjustment with a multiply and then just invert the layer mask, so control i or command i on a Mac. And then start to draw some more shadows. So there will be a lot of shadows under these trunks definitely. Make sure you get some shadows in there. You have to use the scroll bar to get over there. It's fine. And I'm using the brackets on my keyboard to change the size of the brush. I'm just creating different shadows. Here and there, so in between where leaves fall on each other, there would be a lot more shadows. Just create a lot more depth into the actual trees. Like it a lot better. Okay, so take your time when doing this. I rushed it slightly, but not as much as you should be. So just make sure you're taking your time on it. Now it's looking a lot better to us now. Zoom out. See what we've done. It's having a lot more depth. It's exactly the same to the upper layer. So it's on the same layer, same group. So you do the same to the other side. And make sure you've got a big brush first of all. Let's draw under this trunk here, definitely. Just to create more shadows in here. And make the brush smaller. And just make more depth by making it a bit smaller and adding in more detail. Okay, cool. So that's our shadows. Let's do exactly the same thing but with our highlights. So what we're gonna do here is add another levels adjustment, but now we're gonna change the level style to screen. So as you can see it's brightened up our image quite a lot. I mean it's exactly the same thing on the mask, on the layer mask, Ctrl + R, Cmd + I. Zoom in and then just start adding highlights. So highlights of course, would come from the moon, so it would be on the edges of the. The actual leaves of the trees. So same again with the brush, and a white small brush here, with the white. Down here about 30%. Just start adding a bit more detail where you think it would hit. The moon hitting on leaves. So you might need to know a little about shadows and highlights, but you can see that in everyday life, shadows at night where it hits. You can pretty much tell it's gonna hit on some parts of the leaves, but it's gonna leave a lot of if in darkness. So, maybe around here will be fine. Bit more detail here. It might hit that and get through the leaves. Okay. That's adding a lot more detail to our image. That's basically what detail is, of course there's texture. It's a culmination of texture, highlight, and detail. That's what makes up an actual image or an object in our eyes. Okay, that looks good. Zoom out. See just why I didn't add little highlights there. We boosted it quite a lot. Okay, lets do exactly the same to the other side. So there I just added a bit more detail. You have to be incredibly careful, you're still gonna get a really good effect for doing this. Take your time of course. I'm on a limit of time here so I have to Make sure I'm getting as much detail as I can, while still begin efficient. Okay, that looks good on that side. So do exactly the same to the back ones, but these aren't going to be as much at all. So, get started, bottom ones here, which is these here. Just hit them again, levels on screen, and invert the mask. Zoom in and let's add a bit more around here. Just gonna block this one, not too much. Don't need to go into too much detail on these. So same again fix the other side. Okay, that's looking really good. Okay, zoom out and see what we've done. That's looking a lot better. You can see where the shadows and the highlights are hidden on the left side. It's not as vibrant on the right side, we definitely need to change that. So on this set here, just make sure I have a bit more in there. That should look better. Okay, so now we can save this on our trunks, here. Okay, so the first step, I'm gonna change something, because on the trunks here, the green leaves are not looking the same color as the moss. So, I've done this before, but I definitely need to change this slightly. So click on the trunks, so the leaves above and we've got the leaves on trunks Let's go into that layer, windy leaves. It's got left, right and center, so let's add a hew ans saturation to the windy, that windy leaves. Let's bring that up and just change this services slightly. There we go, that's it. So it needs minus six. Perfect. Okay, so on this whole layer, it's on the trunks, so we can either add layers directly to all the trunks. So let's do that first. Then maybe, if we have to, we'll go into the leaves and add ones to that directly. So on the trunks there, we're gonna reattach that. Add a levels adjustment. So down between in this layer style to Multiply. And then Invert the Mask. So then zoom in. So it's quite obvious where we need to add the shadows. So of course there's gonna be shadows. In front of the bottle because the moon is behind, so we're gonna have shadows only around here. So let's start to add that in. So with the wide brush on the black mask, a wide brush like this, start to add in Some shadows. Okay, so zoom out. Just make sure you're not doing too much. So, it can be a bit overkill if you do too much. So, we're just going to paint the sides and work around some areas. Just where the moss meets the bark and I'll make a bit more depth. Especially down here, there will be a lot of shadow work here. And that shadows there. 'Kay, around here there'll be lots of shadows. 'Kay, it's also under the side of this trunk here, definitely will be shadows especially where like the trunk starts to meet the bottle. It's gonna be a lot shallow work there, but we're allowed even more in a minute. So we can attach this to make sure cause of this it's affecting our background moon. Okay, perfect. Then, down here. I'll see it. It's fine. Definitely over here. Okay, so we're adding a bit more detail to it now. Make it bigger. Okay, lets zoom out You start to add in a bit more shadow. It might be too much at the moment. We're gonna be changing that maybe in a minute. Okay. So I'm actually going to change the actual levels adjustment on this one, just because there's too much shadows on here. So I’m going to change the black output level and just bring that down slightly, not too much, just enough. And bring up the mid-tones, and just leave it around there, because I want to affect it but I don't want to change it too much. Let's just go onto the top of the leaves and then see what we're working with. So as you see here I mad the branch quite small. And I'm going to start adding in more shadow in where you think they should be. This could be a lengthy process. I'm going to show you one side then I'm just going to skip the other side. And have it pre-done for us. You don't have to watch me doing this. So, it's just adding in shadows where you think they would be. So all the way along the leaves here. So you could have added this adjustment here. On the top of the leaves you can do that if you want to make it a bit more Non destructive. So what I mean by that is go in here and actually just placing this on that layer instead of on all of them. That would make it a bit more efficient and a bit more organized. I'm not going to. Okay, that looks cool. So then let's look at the other side and the other ones on the trunk just to make sure they're done. So go around doing all these, same as I just did those. And then I'm gonna pause the video now. And I'll restart it when I've done it. Okay, so I just finished those off. As you can see added a bit more highlights around these areas and shadows. So I've not highlighted, I've added shadows, now we're gonna add the highlights in. So again New Levels > Screen, and attach it to our group and then just invert the mask. So we're gonna add in a lot of highlights to the top of the leafs. Let's get a big brush, and these trunks. So of course where the The moon is hidden. It's gonna be a lot more light, so it'd be on the edges all the way around like so. Now, you can do this as well, zoom in and then start to add it individually, the same way I did it with the shadows. You can add it to the leaf tops, so like this. And this creates a really nice effect. Just makes it have a lot more detail. Just roughly go over these. Okay. Just make some pop a bit more. So you could do that all the way around if you want to. Something like that, very loosely. Top of these leaves here. Okay, that's looking really good. So now we're gonna add a bit more highlights to our trunks Cuz they're looking a bit dark, dark and dull at the moment. So on the same layer I'm just gonna add a bit more white to these trunks. It works, just a bit of white, just make, increase it a little bit more. You could add in multiple adjustments layers if you wanna keep this separate. Do you understand that? Cuz it makes it a bit more non-destructive, but I'm confident just to leave it on all its same highlight layer like so. Add a bit more to the edge here. You see a bit more green in there by adding a bit more highlight. Around the edges where the moss meets the bark is a good bit to put a bit of highlights, maybe shadows as well. That's looking a lot better to us now. Okay, so the last part before we end this lesson to go to the next one. Also and get rid of this horrible black outline on those trunks. It's a bit too much. Like where the bottom of the trunk is, there's too much shadow going on here. So on the actual trunk layers itself, you add a mask. So this is on the whole group entirely. And get a black brush. Get a hard brush and I'll make the hardness around 75%. And then literally just go to the bottom of the trunk and just start getting rid of it. Make sure your parse flows to 400% and just start to get rid of that Nasty dark edge, like so. We want it quite dark, but we don't want it this dark. In a way that the actual trunk was photographed, it's just too dark for us. So again with this one here, this side here, we might need to go into this now because the leaves are affecting it. So on the actual trunk as well. Let's just move this mask, actually, to make sure we're not effecting the actual leaves here. Okay, it's a bit more easier for us. Too much there. We still want a little bit of shadow, but not as much as we've got here. Just get rid of that nasty dark edge. We could do this using like, an adjustment layer, like a selective color or shadows and highlight. But we're not gonna do that we're just gonna use a complete layer mask. Bring that hardness up a bit, it's a bit soft on this area. Get rid of that nasty edge like that. I need to bring that section in there like that so make sure it meets Okay looking good. Again, do the same to the side. So if you want you can wiggle your mouse a bit, so it makes it a bit more like a tree edge. It's a bit rougher. Like so. We're in different points of interest. Zoom out. Okay, that's looking a lot better for us now. We can add the shadow in directly now as well now. Okay, so that's the end of this lesson. So please join me in the next lesson, and we'll continue to retouch this bottle, and add in more shadows and highlights.

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