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4.2 Clone Stamping and Further Shadows and Highlights

Hello and welcome back to Advanced Retouching Techniques course. I'm Les Warrett and we are now on lesson 15. In this lesson, we will continue where we left off from our last lesson. We'll be adding in more shadows and highlights that mainly fix on our bottle, in this one. But, there's a step we need to do before we do anything else and that is get rid of this horrible, yellow stem on our leaves. As you can see here, if I zoom in, you have this horrible yellow stem around all our leaves. It looks completely fake. Even ask a real tree. On this moss trunk. It does not look real at all. So, let's go and fix that. So to do that what I'm gonna do is we could just go in and mask it, but that will take quite a while, so the easier step to do is just, make a new layer above all of our trunks, get the clone stamp and get it to current and below. So, I bring this above the right layers. Yes, above there. This needs to be above the leaf and trunks. Not a lot of the bottle because it's just the current upper layers. What that means, it will take samples from the current layer I'm on. Which at the moment, is just an empty layer. So, it won't do anything. And the one below, which is these leaves, here. If I go into our image again. On the Clone Stamp Tool, hold Alt on your keyboard. Select a bit of moss. What you could do there is just draw over the top of our stem. That means, we're cutting this out and saving a lot this, a lot of time because masking it would not get the same effect. You wouldn't be able to do this big section here, where the actual stem goes over the leaf. We can actually select that leaf with holding Alt and then, go over it. This will take a little bit of a walk around each of these, but it'll be worth it, because I remember, it's just not looking right with this yellow stem. So, just try and get as best you can. Looking good cuz I'm gonna do this part here and I'm gonna do exactly the same to the rest of it. But, I'll let you do that and pause the video. Let's just do this part here before we pause it. And skip that section. Okay, it's parts you already know. I don't need to show you that. I'm just gonna hold Alt and keep doing this, a minute. Getting rid of those parts, like so. That section here, we actually will need to mask. I'm gonna add a mask there. Black brush and just mask that out, like so. Back to that layer. Again, just mask out the area. We didn't need to mask that one yet. Okay, like so. Again with the clean stamp in. Select a bit of highlight there. Cool. Again, you have to mask this part out because it's off of our tree trunk. We can't do anything about that. We need to get rid of that whole leaf cuz it's not looking right. He's flying in mid-air. It's on this one again. Holding Alt, select that bit there. Leaf, again. And, there we go. I'm gonna pause it now and just do the same to each side. So, this left trunk and the right trunk. And then, I'll see you in a minute. Okay, I've got rid of all the trunks. They're all gone. Not trunks, sorry. All of the stems. They're all gone. As you can see. Reveal that layer, that light is completely gone. And, it's looking good. Before we do anything else onto our bottle, we're gonna add in some more shadow to our leaves. To do that, we need to add a general shadow. It would make this look a bit better on our leaves above-bottle. Not these ones. These ones, here. We add our Blending Options and a shadow to a whole group. To do that, right-click on the group Blending Options. Bring this layer in here and then, add I'm gonna add in a drop shadow. If you want you could zoom in a bit more. I want a small screen. It's just so, I make sure that I can see it. Right-click Blending Options. If I add in a Drop Shadow this whole group, bring down the Distance. As you can see, we've got a nice little shadow going on. If I bring up this piece here, a bit. That's looking good. So, I'm gonna bring up the slider, slightly. Something like that. Change the Blend Mode to Soft Light. Move down the opacity to zero and bring it up until you like what you're seeing. Something like this might be good. So, you could add in an inner shadow, as well. Which, would add an inner shadow to all the leaves. As you can see, I could do that. But, I'm not going to, I think, it looks better without it. Click OK. And, that's looking good. But, I want this on a new layer. I don't want it actually on the leaves. So, I'm gonna right-click on where it says, Drop Shadow > Create Layer. What it does, it basically takes that blending option and creates a layer of it. As you see now, I can move this shadow around. It's actually just one layer. Same way, if I did it myself, you know? Go in with the brush. But, it's a lot easier this way. A lot quicker. Okay, looking good. Now, we can focus back to our shadows and our highlights and sorting this image out a bit more. Okay. Before we start to add in our shadows, below the trunk, so working on our bottle, I'm gonna maybe, add in a bit more shadow to the underbelly of the trunks. But, I'm gonna show you a different way from the levels. There's more, you know? You don't actually use one way. You can always use a different way. Use multiple ways. If you're working at the same result then, I'd advise you to do so. On the final piece of this project, I use multiple different techniques. I like to vary it up a little bit. I'm gonna use the 2% gray layer technique. On the trunks, make a new layer and it will automatically attach cuz we've already got some levels attached to it. Go to Edit > Fill > 50% Gray and change the layer's style to Soft Light. Basically, what this is if you haven't done this before. Although, I think, I've showed you earlier on. All we've gotta do with the Burn and the Dodge. Or, you can use a black brush and a white brush. I'm gonna use the Burn and Dodge. Exposure, I'm gonna put at 20%, 22%, something like that. And then, the same way you would do with the brush, just draw in some shadows. So, it may be a bit too much there. Bring down the exposure. Maybe, about 10%, 9%. Just add in some shadows. That's a lot thicker, this shadow. That's looking pretty good. Let's draw some on here. Also, on the inside of here, on the trunk and on the side. Especially, where it meets down here. In there, as well. The good thing about the 50% Gray layer is that you can have shadows and highlights on the same layout, after quick switching. So if I change to white or to Dodge. Holding Alt on my keyboard, I can do that. And, I can change it. I can go back to the Burn, hold Alt and then, that makes it into the highlight instead. Go back to using normal and it digs a shadow. Go back to Alt. That's a very efficient way of doing this. That means, you can keep adding shadows, highlights, automatically, just by a flick of the keyboard button. Using Alt. Okay, looking good. I'm gonna draw a bit more shadows and a bit more highlights in there. So I'm going to unhide it, hide it. Looks good. Cool, looking really good now. So, the next step is to add in shadows under our bottle. But, before we do that I just noticed something else. You get this all the time and you notice something else and you have to change it. That's what it's all about. So, on the Trunks, itself. The bark color is way too strong for my liking. The brown. I'm gonna change this quickly. On the Trunks layer, add a hue and saturation. Go to our. I believe, it's red. And then, on the little pick here, the plus, just click where the bark is. And then, go out to the reds again. Let's fan this white section a little bit. Get a bit more in there and change this to like, a green, but not too much, obviously. We don't want too much. We just wanna desaturate a bit. Add a bit more green into it. Make it a bit more mossy. So, something like this and then maybe, bring down the saturation slightly. Looking good. So, if I hide that, it's looking a lot better for us. It just fits into the scene a lot more. So, we're gonna do exactly to this bottom bit here cuz we haven't got this attached in our layers because it's below our bottle. Make sure, you do the same to the trunk behind. So, I find where it is. It's not that one. It's not in the trunk's layer. It's this one here. We define this, okay. So, is this all in our bottle? Yeah. It's all in our bottle layer. So, we get the trunks here. And, let's make sure, we're adding the same hue and saturation layer. So, I'm just gonna drag it, holding Alt to the Trunks. Make sure, it's not going above. Inside the group. Sorry. There we go. And, attach it to the Trunks. And then, we've got the same effect going on there. That's looking good. It's also changed the red on the trunk underneath our bottle, which is good cuz we want that. We want it to match. That's looking a lot better. Okay, looking good. Now, we're gonna add the shadow directly to our bottle, which is gonna be the trunk shadow, basically. So, where the trunk hits the bottle, we're gonna have a shadow underneath. We could use a 50% Gray layer or a Levels, but that will affect the color. You could add it to a Luminosity matter. So, what I mean, this is done before. So, I go into Levels, change the layer style to Luminosity. What that does, it only changes the shadows and the highlights and not the color. I'll bring that up. As you can see, it only changes the shadows and the highlights. Not the color. But, I'm not going to use that. What I'm going to do to make the shadow. Make sure, you're in the bottle layer. I didn't show you that. So, Trunks, down to the Bottle layer. Above the bottle layer, you're going to add a new layer, attach it to the bottle. All I'm gonna to do, with a black brush. I'm not gonna use a 50% Gray there or a tool. Nothing like that. Just a black color brush, low opacity and low flow. Just draw in your shadow. So, just go in really slowly. First, you get the base layer down. So, if I zoom in a bit more. What I mean by base layer, just the general shadow first. From there or from there. So, to add in a bit more down there, in the corner. It's a gradual shadow and then, just make the brush smaller again. Again, even closer. Making the shadow a bit thicker where it meets. Again, over here. So, what your eye is measuring. How much shadow you think, needs to be on here. Maybe, do it a bit more over here because it's getting a bit too harsh. Zoom out. See what it looks like. So, it's way too much at the moment. So, let's bring down the opacity, slightly, here. So, the opacity layer here. Bring it to zero and then, bring it up until you like what you're seeing. So, something like that. Looking good. Okay, I want more over here. So, I'm gonna add numbered layer, and attach it again. And, let's add a bit more there. Zoom out. Looking good. So, with this layered low, I'm gonna add it to Soft Light. And, that's just taking a bit of the oomph out of it. Make it a bit less dramatic. Bring this opacity down a bit more, as well. And, that's looking a lot better. Good. Now, I just need to add exactly the same to this bottom part of the trunk here. Just make sure to go to the right layer. So, that's the Trunks. Let me change the name of this to trunkbehindbottle. Let's get confused now, boys. Make a new layer above that and it will automatically attach cuz we've got other ones on there. Then, just in the corner here. Get a black brush and just draw in some shadow, make it a bit smaller. Down here, watch the gradual shadow going on. And let's zoom out and see what that looks like. May be a bit too much. We're gonna pass it down. You could do multiple layers. So, a numbered one into a general one. And then, change up to a Soft Light or an Overlay. That might create a barrier effect going on there. Looking good. See the layers? They pass in slightly. Okay, it's looking good. We'll leave it there. The next step before we end this lesson. We're going to add in our shadows and highlights to our main stump or trunk holding out bottle in place. Also, our foreground, just around the trees at the bottom. So lets zoom in. Let's get above the right layer. It's the bottle here. We've got the bottle here and, it's basically above this layer. We're gonna make a new layer here, but we're gonna do a 50% Gray layer cuz we're gonna need to add in some highlights and shadows at the same time. It'll be a lot easier for us. So, make a new layer, Edit > Fill > 50% Gray. Layer style to Overlay. Soft Light, apologies. Then, on that soft light layer with your percent Gray. Let's first do a general shadowing. So, get our big brush. 10% Exposure. And this starts to bringing in some more shadows to the ground, here. I'm gonna bring up the exposure slightly. It's a bit too low. You could actually see what we're doing. There we go. Start adding a bit more shadow to our floor and around the bottle here. That's looking a lot better. Let's zoom in a bit, onto the main stump. Now, I'm going to be holding Alt simultaneously. What I mean by that. I'm gonna draw a shadow. That would bring out the Exposure slightly more, to 50%. Depends on the size of the brush. So, draw a shadow. Hold Alt on your keyboard and do a highlight where that bit is where the green is. Do a shadow where the bark is. A highlight where the green is. That make sense? So, shadow, highlight, shadow. In between there, there's a groove there. Highlight, shadow, highlight, shadow. Should shadow all of that section. Highlight, shadow. Highlight, shadow there, as well. Highlight that section, there. Get a bit more shadow going on in here. Highlight, shadow there, shadow, highlight, shadow. You get the general idea. Shadow a bit, highlight around the grooves here. Add a bit of more highlight to the front and then, a bit more shadow underneath, where the bottle hits. Great place to put a bit of shadow. Okay, let's zoom out, see what it looks like. You can see, that layer has a really great layer for bringing in a lot more detail to the bottom of the stump. It looks great. Might've added a bit too much highlights. So, do, if you wanna fix that at all. If you think, oh. There's too much highlights going on there. I need to change that. What you do, get your brush. Get the black. Make it a full black. And then, where it says B, which is black, change that to 50. That basically is a 50% gray brush. What you could do is make opacity really low like, 5% or 10%. Just go over that highlight and it will get rid of this. Maybe, a bit more than that. It will completely get rid of that highlight so that you can go back to the beginning or start again. Or, just fix it slightly. Now, that's looking good. So, that's the end of this lesson. Please join me in the next lesson. We'll continue to finalize and retouch our finished image.

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