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Pigs are a big family of characteristic animals with short legs and special snouts. Domestic pigs, also called hogs, are a popular theme of many childish drawings, yet few adults can draw them properly.
In this tutorial, I'll show you how to draw a domestic pig, a wild boar and a warthog. You'll learn about their basic anatomy and all the details of theirs. Even if you're not interested in pigs in particular, you can use these lessons to create some new kind of beast.
Draw the Domestic Pig
The most important thing about pigs' skeletal structure is that they're longer than they are tall. The head can't be raised higher than the shoulders, so the body has a characteristic, simple line.
Since pigs are quite fat, an accurate drawing of muscles isn't something we'll need. However, if you're feeling like drawing a muscular pig, here's a diagram for you:
- The snout is long, with a flat tip;
- The ears are big, wide, with a tendency to drop to the front. They can easily cover the eyes, so it's a good method to avoid drawing them when you're feeling lazy;
- The body is big, rounded, with a wide barrow;
- The tail is short, with very slight and messy tuft of light hair. The tail can be curled;
- The neck doesn't stand out, it's very wide and merged with the body;
- The legs are short, thick, ended with cloven hooves.
The color of the skin depends on the breed. The classic farm pig has a pinkish skin covered with sparse blond hair.
You can use the steps from below to draw a pig's head. It's important to see them as they really are, without trying to convert the snouts to more doggy manner. Don't focus on the details at this point, as we're only going to take care about them later on.
Draw the Wild Boar
The silhouette of a wild boar is very similar to the domestic pig (in fact, they're the same species!). To stress the difference, you can draw them with the head raised as high as possible, what creates a kind of shoulder hump, but what makes a real difference in the silhouette is a stiff mane along the back.
- The snout is a bit longer than on domestic pigs. There are two pairs of tusks protruding from it;
- The ears are fluffy;
- Whole body is covered with coarse, bristly fur. There's a row of hair along the back—making it high and thick will give your boar a powerful posture;
- The tail is short and tufted;
- The neck is still wide and not apparent;
- The legs are short and hairy.
The fur is dark, grayish brown.
Using pig's head structure can be risky here, since the wild boar has a longer snout and the fur changes the overall appearance.
Draw the Warthog
Warthogs are the only pig of these we've discussed that can raise their heads so high. Because of their muscular body and lack of fur the legs seem longer, the head bigger, and the silhouette more slender.
- The snout is long and flattened, with two pairs of tusks;
- The ears are fluffy inside;
- The back is covered with a mane, usually in two colors: black with blond or red highlights;
- The body is skinny, with visible angles;
- The tail is medium long and tufted;
- The neck is apparent, but still very strong and wide;
- The legs seem long and thin.
The skin of the warthog is hard, wrinkled, covered with sparse dark hair all over the body and whitish, more thick hair on the lower part. The skin is brownish gray or black.
The head of a warthog is very specific. The most important here are highly placed eyes, but also characteristic "warts" that we'll talk over later.
Details of a Pig's Body
First, we need to notice that pigs' hooves, though cloven, aren't the same as cows' hooves. Instead of simple "dew claws", they have full fingers that can also be used to walk. For a clarification, there are two main toes (true hooves) and two inferior ones (dew claws).
To draw the hooves, follow the process below:
Draw the "wrist" ball and find the spots on the ground where the hooves will be standing. Also, add the visible dew claws.
Stress the line between the hoof area and the rest of the foot.
Add simple balls to define the characteristic roundness over the hooves.
Use the guide lines to outline the shape.
Shade the feet and add some details.
The eyes of pigs are quite small, with apparent wrinkles around.
The actual look of the eyes depends on the species. Warthogs tend to have more wrinkles because of their thick skin, and at wild boars the eyes can be partially hidden under the fur. The eyes of every species tend to be dark, brown, black or reddish, but blue eyes may also occur at domestic pigs.
The ears are big and wide.
Domestic pigs have the ears covered with sparse hair, while wild boars' ears are as fluffy as their whole body. Warthogs are a kind of compromise—their ears are fluffy inside and covered with sparse hair on the outside.
The snout of every pig is very sensitive, usually light in color and slightly wet.
When observed from the side view, the "nose" part looks strongly defined. We can also observe it's not flat, but rather made of two pillows.
Domestic pigs' males may have tusks, but never as big as wild boars. The latter have two pairs of them, one in the upper jaw and one in the lower jaw. They're so big that they don't fit into the mouth and protrude outside, wrapping the upper lip. Again, don't make a dog out of a boar—odd curves are something normal for them.
- Under the eyes, at the end of zygomatic archs;
- Before the tusks;
- Along the lower jaw—this area is also covered with thick whitish hair, almost looking like sideburns.
We're Done Here!
That's all for today! I hope you enjoyed the lesson and learned a lot about these grunting animals. Make sure to check out my other animal-based tutorials!