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How to Create a Retro Bike Scene in Adobe Illustrator

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In the following steps you will learn how to create a retro bike and fence illustration in Adobe Illustrator. Get ready to spend several hours learning the basics of vector shape building techniques and pixel perfection, how to take full advantage of the Appearance panel, how to cleverly use the Transform effects to multiply and spread your vector shapes, how to work with the Blend Tool and its options, how to utilize a simple script, how to easily organize your shapes inside the Layers panel or how to use the Blending Modes to recolor your entire artwork.


1. Create a New Document with a Grid

Hit Command + N to create a New document. Enter 600 in the width box and height boxes then click on the Advanced button. Select RGB, Screen (72ppi) and make sure that the "Align New Objects to Pixel Grid" box is unchecked before your click OK.

Enable the Grid (View > Show Grid) and the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid). For starters you'll need a grid every 5px. Simply go to Edit > Preferences > Guides > Grid, enter 5 in the Gridline every box and 1 in the Subdivisions box. You should also open the Info panel (Window > Info) for a live preview with the size and position of your shapes. Do not forget to set the unit of measurement to pixels from Edit > Preferences > Units > General. All these options will significantly increase your work speed.



2. Use the Appearance Panel & Ellipse Tool to Create a Wheel Base

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 140px circle, select it and open the Appearance panel (Window > Appearance). Set the fill color at none but add a 11pt stroke. Align it to inside and set the color at R=140, G=140, B=145. Make sure that your circle stays selected and keep focusing on the Appearance panel. Add a second stroke for this shape using the "Add New Stroke" button ( pointed by the little, blue arrow in the following image). Select this new stroke, make it 10pt wide, align it to inside and set the color at R=165, G=165, B=170. Add a third stroke for this circle, make it 7pt wide, align it to inside and set the color at R=215, G=215, B=220. Add a fourth stroke for your circle, make it 6pt wide, align it to inside and set the color at R=50, G=50, B=50.



3. Add a Tread on the Tire Using a Dashed Line

Make sure that the shape made in the previous step is still selected, focus on the Appearance panel and add a new stroke. Make it 3pt wide, align it to inside, set the color at R=90, G=90, B=90 and open the Stroke panel (Window > Stroke). Check the "Dashed Line" box then simply enter 3 in the dash and gap boxes. Return to the Appearance panel, make sure that this new stroke is selected and click on the "Duplicate Selected Item" button (pointed by the little, blue arrow in the following image). Obviously, this will add a copy of the selected stroke. Select it, set the weight at 2pt and the color at R=25, G=25, B=25. Make sure that this new stroke is selected and click again to that "Duplicate Selected Item" button. Select the newly created stroke, align it to outside and set its weight at 0.5pt. In the end your circle should look like in the following image.



4. Create the Center of the Wheel

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 20px circle, fill it with R=125, G=125, B=130 and place it as shown in the following image. Make sure that this new shape stays selected, focus on the Appearance panel and add a 2pt stroke. Align it to outside and set the color at R=110, G=110, B=115. Keep focusing on the Appearance panel and add a second stroke for this shape. Make it 1pt wide, align it to outside and set the color at R=185, G=185, B=190.



5. Add Detail Ready for Adding the Spokes

Focus on the shape made in the previous step. Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 10px circle, fill it with the radial gradient shown below and place it as shown in the following image. Make sure that this new shape stays selected and focus on the Appearance panel. Select the existing fill and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the properties shown below, click OK and return to the Appearance panel. Add a second fill for this shape using the Add New Fill button (pointed by the little, blue arrow in the following image). Select this new fill, set its color at black and go to Effect > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -2px Offset and click OK.



6. Add Holes for the Spokes

For the following step you will need a grid every 1px. So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 1 in the Gridline every box. Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create two, 2 by 2px circles, set their fill color at R=75, G=75, B=80 and place them as shown in the first image. Switch to the Pen Tool (P). Create two vertical, 56px paths and place them as shown in the second image. Add a 1pt stroke for these paths, set its color at R=140, G=140, B=145 then go to the Stroke panel and click on the "Round Cap" button.



7. Begin Adding Your Spokes

Focus on the bottom side of the left vertical path made in the previous step. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 2 by 3px shape, fill it with R=125, G=125, B=130 and place it as shown in the following image. Select this tiny rectangle and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 0.5px radius, click OK and go to Effect > Warp > Arc Lower. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK. Focus on the top side of the right vertical path made in the previous step. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a new 2 by 3px shape, fill it with R=125, G=125, B=130 and place it as shown in the following image. Make sure that this tiny rectangle is selected and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 0.5px radius, click OK and go to Effect > Warp > Arc Upper. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



8. Add an Alternative Color Spoke

Focus on the shapes made in the last two steps. Select the 2px circle, the vertical path and the tiny rectangle that make up the top spoke and duplicate them (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Select these copies and simply drag them 14px to the left as shown in the following image. Move down to the three shapes that make up the other spoke and duplicate them (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Select these copies and drag them them 14px to the right. Keep focusing on the copies made in this step, select the two, vertical paths and set the stroke color at R=100, G=100, B=105. Next, you need to organize these little shapes. First, select the shapes that make up the top, right spoke along with the shapes that make up the bottom, left spoke and Group them (CTRL + G). Next, select the shapes that make up the other two spokes, Group them (CTRL + G) and send the group to back (SHIFT + CTRL + G).



9. Use the Transform Effect to Duplicate the Spokes

Reselect the two groups made in the previous step and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



10. Add a Subtle Shadow

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 48 by 8px shape, fill it with black and place it as shown in the first image. Send this new shape to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ), make sure that it stays selected and focus on the Appearance panel. First, select the existing fill and lower its Opacity to 5%. Next, add a second fill for this shape and select it. Set the color at black, lower its Opacity to 30% and go to Effect > Blur > Gaussian Blur. Enter a 3px radius and click OK.



11. Duplicate the Wheel to Create Your Second Wheel

Return to "gridline every 5px". So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 5 in the Gridline every box. Select all the shapes created so far and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel (Window > Layers), double click on this new group and name it "frontWheel". Select this group and go to Object > Transform > Move (SHIFT + CTRL + M). Enter 225 in the Horizontal box and 0 in the Vertical box then click on the Copy button. This will add a copy of the selected group as shown in the second image. Move to the Layers panel, double click on this new group and name it "backWheel".



12. Use Offset Path on the Wheel to Begin Creating a Mud Guard

Focus on Layers panel, open the "frontWheel" group, select that 140px circle and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a 3px Offset and click OK. Select the resulting shape and drag it outside the group, in the top of the Layers panel. Keep focusing on this new shape, move to the Appearance panel, remove all those strokes then add a simple fill and set its color at R=221, G=208, B=186.



13. Use the Pathfinder Panel to Create a Hollow Circle

Select the beige shape made in the previous step and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -5px Offset and click OK. Select both beige shapes, open the Pathfinder panel (Window > Pathfinder) and click on the Minus Front button. Using the Pen Tool (P), create a 150px, horizontal path and place it as shown in the third image. Add a simple, red stroke for this path and go to Object > Path > Add Anchor Points. Keep focusing on this red path and switch to the Direct Selection Tool (A). Select the left and the right anchor points and simply drag them 10px down. Move to the middle anchor point, select it and drag it 30px up. In the end your red path should look like in the sixth image.



14. "Divide" Your Hollow Circle to Create a Mud Guard

Reselect the red path and the beige shape made in the previous step and click on the Divide button from the Pathfinder panel. Select the resulting group of shapes and Ungroup it (SHIFT + CTRL + G). Focus on the resulting shapes, save the top, beige shape and remove the rest of the shapes.



15. Align Your Mud Guard to the Wheel

Duplicate the shape made in the previous step (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Grab the Selection Tool (V) and open the Align panel (Window > Align). Select the copy made in the beginning of the step along with the "backWheel" group, click on the border of this group (it should get emphasized) then click on the "Horizontal Align Center" button from the Align panel. In the end your copy should be placed as shown in the third image.



16. Remove Half of Your Mud Guard

Return to the "frontWheel". Using the Pen Tool (P), create a 150px, vertical path and place it as shown in the first image. Add a simple, red stroke for this path and go to Object > Path > Add Anchor Points. Keep focusing on this red path and switch to the Direct Selection Tool (A). Select the top and the bottom anchor points and simply drag them 20px to the left. Move to the middle anchor point, select it and drag it 45px to the right. In the end your red path should look like in the fourth image. Select it along with the beige shape and click on the Divide button from the Pathfinder panel. Ungroup the resulting group of shapes (SHIFT + CTRL + G) and remove the left shape.



17. Refine the Mud Guard Using the Round Any Corner Script

Disable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid) then go to Edit > Preferences > General and make sure that the Keyboard Increment is set at 1px. For this step you'll need the Round Any Corner script. You can find it in the Vectortuts+ article 20 Free and Useful Adobe Illustrator Scripts. Save it to your hard drive, return to Illustrator, reselect the beige shape made in the previous step and go to File > Scripts > Other Script. Open the Round Any Corner Script, enter a 2px Radius and click OK. In the end your shape should look like in the second image. Select it and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -1px Offset and click OK. Duplicate the resulting shape (CTRL + C > CTRL + F), select the copy and move 1px down using the down arrow from your keyboard. Reselect both shapes made in this step and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Turn the resulting group of shapes into a compound path (Object > Compound Path > Make or Control + 8) and fill it with R=248, G=237, B=216.



18. Add a Subtle Shine to the Front Mud Guard

Keep focusing on the "frontWheel", reselect that beige shape and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px down and to the right using the arrow keys from your keyboard. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Turn the resulting group of shapes into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8) and fill it with R=198, G=188, B=164.



19. Add the Mud Guard Shine to the Rear Wheel

Move to the "backWheel", select that beige shape and go to File > Scripts > Other Script. Open the Round Any Corner Script, enter a 2px Radius and click OK. In the end your shape should look like in the first image. Select it and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -1px Offset and click OK. Duplicate the resulting shape (CTRL + C > CTRL + F), select the copy and move 1px down and to the right. Reselect both shapes made in this step and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Turn the resulting group of shapes into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8) and fill it with R=248, G=237, B=216.



20. Add the Mud Guard Refinement

Keep focusing on the "backWheel", reselect that beige shape and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px down and to the right. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Turn the resulting group of shapes into a compound path (CTRL + 8) and fill it with R=198, G=188, B=164.



21. Connect the Mud Guard to the Front Wheel

Enable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid). Using the Pen Tool (P), draw a 70px, horizontal path and place it as shown in the following image. Add a 2pt stroke for this shape, set its color at R=178, G=164, B=136 then go to the Stroke panel and check the Round Cap button. Make sure that this new path stays selected and focus on the Appearance panel. Select the existing stroke and click the "Duplicate Selected Item" button. Select the newly added stroke, make it 1pt wide, set the color at R=231, G=219, B=197 and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



22. Connect the Mud Guard to the Rear Wheel

Make sure that the Pen Tool (P) is still active, draw a 70px, vertical path and place it as shown in the following image. Add a 2pt stroke for this shape, set its color at R=178, G=164, B=136 then go to the Stroke panel and check the Round Cap button. Make sure that this path new path stays selected, focus on the Appearance panel and duplicate the existing stroke. Select the new stroke, make it 1pt wide, set the color at R=231, G=219, B=197 and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



23. Duplicate & Group the Mud Guards

Duplicate the two paths made in the last two steps (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Select both copies and drag them over the "backWheel" as shown in the first image. Select these two paths along with all the shapes made in the last eleven steps and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel and name this new group "wheelFender".



24. Start Creating the Bike Frame

Pick the Pen Tool (P), focus on the "frontWheel" and draw an oblique path as shown in the first image. Add a 5pt stroke for this path, set its color at black then go to the Stroke panel and check the Round Cap button. Move to the Layers panel and name this new path "frontTube". Continue with the Pen Tool (P), create two new paths and place them as shown in the second image. Add the same 5pt stroke and don't forget to check that Round Cap button from the Stroke panel. The stroke color is not very important. Focus on the layers panel, name the top path "topTube" and the bottom path "downTube". Make sure that the Pen Tool (P) is still active and draw a new path as shown in the third image. Again, use a 5pt stroke and check the Round Cap. Get back to the Layers panel and name this new path "seatTube".



25. Add the Rear Wheel to the Frame

Continue with the Pen Tool (P) and create two more path like the ones that you made in the previous step. The first one should look like in the first image. Once you got it, move to the Layers panel and name it "seatStays". The final path should be a 105px, horizontal path and should be placed as shown in the second image. Name it "chainStays" and send it to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ).



26. Fill the Frame with a Linear Gradient

Select "frontTube" and go to Object > Path > Outline Stroke. Select the resulting shape, rename it "frontTube" and fill it with the linear gradient shown in the following image. Applying the gradient might be a bit tricky so here's an easy way for you to do it. Focus on the top side of your shape and simply drag the gradient slider from the left anchor point to the right anchor point. You will need this gradient again so saving it would be a good idea. Focus on the Gradient panel, click on that square gradient thumbnail and simply drag it inside the Swatches panel (Window > Swatches). Keep focusing on the Swatches panel, double click on this newly saved gradient and name it "Gradient1". Select the rest of the path made in the last two steps, go to Object > Path > Outline Stroke then fill the resulting shapes with your "Gradient1". Don't forget to rename all these shapes. We'll get back to these shapes and naming them will make it easier for you to find them later.



27. Use the Transform Effect to Create Gear Detailing

For the following step you will need a grid every 1px. So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 1 in the Gridline every box. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 2 by 7px shape, fill it with the linear gradient shown in the first image and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the left window, click OK and go again to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the right window and click OK.



28. Add an Ellipse to the Gear Detailing

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 40px circle, place it as shown in the following image and open the Appearance panel (Window > Appearance). Set the fill color at none, but add a 3pt stroke, align it to inside and set the color at R=110, G=110, B=115. Make sure that this circle stays selected and keep focusing on the Appearance panel. Add a second stroke, make it 2pt wide, align it to inside and set the color at R=215, G=215, B=220. Add a third stroke for this circle, make it 1pt wide, align it to inside and set the color at R=185, G=185, B=190.



29. Add a Circle to the Center of the Gears

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 20px circle, fill it with the linear gradient shown below and place it as shown in the first image. Make sure that this new shape is selected and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px up. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=100, G=100, B=105.



30. Add Shading to the Center

Reselect the circle made in the previous step and make two new copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Focus on the Layers panel, select the bottom copy and move it 1px up. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=185, G=185, B=190.



31. Add a Smaller Circle for the Ball Bearing

Reselect the circle made in the twenty-ninth step and focus on the Appearance panel. Add a second fill, set its color at R=78, G=77, B=82 and go to Effect > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -7px Offset, click OK and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the properties show in the following image and click OK. Return to the Appearance panel, add a 2pt stroke for this shape, align it to outside and set the color at R=110, G=110, B=115. Add a second stroke for this circle, make it 1pt wide, align it to outside and set the color at R=155, G=155, B=160.



32. Position the Gear Cogs

Return to "gridline every 5px". So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 5 in the Gridline every box. Select all the shapes made in the last five steps, Group them (CTRL + G) and place this new group as shown in the first image. Focus on the "backWheel". Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 10px circle, fill it wit the radial gradient shown below and place it as shown in the following image. Make sure that this tiny circle stays selected and focus on the Appearance panel. First, select the existing fill and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the properties shown in the following image, click OK and return to the Appearance panel. Add a second fill for this shape, select it, set the color at R=20, G=20, B=20 and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -3px Offset, click OK then hit SHIFT + CTRL + E to add the same Drop Shadow effect applied a few moments ago. Keep focusing on the Appearance panel, add a 1pt stroke for this tiny circle, align it to inside and set the color at R=20, G=20, B=20.



33. Create a Blend Between the Cogs to Create a Path for the Chain

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 40px circle, fill it with black and place it as shown in the first image. Continue with the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 10px circle, fill it with white and place it as shown in the first image. Select both circle, hit ALT + CTRL + B and go to Object > Blend > Blend Options. Select "Specified Steps" from the drop down menu, enter "300" in that white box then click OK. Make sure that this simple blend is selected and go to Object > Expand. Select the resulting shapes and click on the Unite button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with white.



34. Create the Chain from a Dashed Line

Select the shape made in the previous step and focus on the Appearance panel. Remove the color from the fill then add a 1pt stroke, align it to inside and set the color at black. Add a second stroke for this shape and select it. Make it 1pt wide, align it to inside, set the color at R=150, G=150, B=155 and focus on the Stroke panel. Check the "Dashed Line" box then simply enter 1 in the dash box and 2 in the gap box. Select this path along with the all the shapes made in the last seven steps and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel and name this new group "chain".



35. Begin Adding the Pedal

For the following step you will need a grid every 1px. So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 1 in the Gridline every box. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 4 by 36px shape, place it as shown below and fill it with the complex linear gradient shown in the following image. Add a second fill for this shape and use the other linear gradient shown in the following image. The yellow zero from the gradient image stands for Opacity percentage. Focus on the Appearance panel, make sure that no fill or stroke is selected and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 2px radius and click OK.



36. Add the Foot Rest

Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create an 18 by 4px shape, place it as shown below and fill it with the linear gradient shown in the following image. Add a 1pt stroke for this shape, align it to inside and set the color at R=110, G=110, B=115. Focus on the Appearance panel, make sure that no fill or stroke is selected and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 2px radius and click OK.



37. Reflect & Copy the Pedal

Reselect the two rectangles made in the last two steps and Group them (CTRL + G). Select this new group and go to Object > Transform > Reflect. Check the Horizontal button and simply click on the Copy button. This will create a vertically, flipped copy of the selected group. Select it, drag it 32px up then send it to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ). Focus on the Layers panel, open this group copy and select the biggest rectangle. Move to the Appearance panel, select the top fill and inverse the angle used for that linear gradient.



38. Create a Seat Base

Return to "gridline every 5px". So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 5 in the Gridline every box. Focus on the top side of "seatTube". Using the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 50 by 30px shape, fill it with R=175, G=175, B=180 and place it as shown in the first image. Continue with the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 45 by 20px shape, fill it with black and place it as shown in the second image. Switch to the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 60 by 15px shape, fill it with black and place it as shown in the second image. Select all three shapes made in this step and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Your resulting shape should look like in the third image.



39. Apply Round Any Corner Script & Fill with a Gradient

Once again, you will need the Round Any Corner Script. Pick the Direct Selection Tool (A) and focus on the shape made in the previous step. Select the left anchor point and go to File > Scripts > Other Script. Open the Round Any Corner Script, enter a 5px Radius and click OK. Continue with the Direct Selection Tool (A), select the other four anchor points and go again to File > Scripts > Other Script. Open the Round Any Corner Script, enter a 3px Radius and click OK. In the end your shape should look like in the second image. Fill it with the linear gradient shown in the third image.



40. Add a Gradient Highlight

Disable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid). Select the shape made in the previous step and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -1px Offset and click OK. Duplicate the resulting shape (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Select this copy and move it 1px down. Reselect both shapes made in this step and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with the linear gradient shown in the final image. Remember that the yellow zero from the gradient stands for Opacity percentage.



41. Add the Shadow

Reselect the shape made in the thirty-ninth step and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px up and to the left. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with the linear gradient shown in the following image.



42. Add a Second Highlight along the Bottom of the Seat

Reselect the shape made in the thirty-ninth step and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px up and 2px to the left. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=165, G=165, B=170. Select this new shape along with all the shapes made in the last four steps and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel and name this new group "seat".



43. Add a Path for a Handlebar

Enable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid) and focus on the top side of "frontTube". Using the Pen Tool (P), draw a simple path as shown in the following image. Fill it with none, but add a 5pt stroke. Set its color at R=78, G=77, B=82 then go to the Stroke panel and check the Round Cap and Round Join buttons. Make sure that this little path is still selected and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 5px radius, click OK and go to Object > Path > Outline Stroke.



44. Add Shading to the Handlebar

Disable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid). Select the shape made in the previous step and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px up and to the left. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=55, G=54, B=62. Reselect the shape made in the previous step and make two new copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px down and to the right. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=150, G=150, B=152.



45. Fill a Gradient

Reselect the shape made in the forty-third step, focus on the Appearance panel and add a second fill. Select it, add the linear gradient shown in the following image and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -1.5px Offset and click OK.



46. Add a Second Handlebar and Style in the Same Way

Enable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid), grab the Pen Tool (P) and draw a simple path as shown in the following image. Again, fill it with none, but add a 5pt stroke. Set its color at R=78, G=77, B=82 then go to the Stroke panel and check the Round Cap and Round Join buttons. Make sure that this little path is still selected and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 5px radius, click OK and go to Object > Path > Outline Stroke. Focus on the resulting shape and simply repeat the techniques mentioned in the last two step. Do not forget to disable the Snap to Grid. Select all the shapes made in this step along with the rest of the shapes made in the last three steps and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel and name this new group "bars".



47. Add Refinement to the Frame

For the following step you will need a grid every 1px. So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 1 in the Gridline every box. Make sure that the Snap to Grid is enabled and grab the Ellipse Tool (L). Focus on the bottom side of the "frontTube" shape, create a 2px circle, fill it with R=178, G=164, B=136 and place it as shown in the following image. Select "topTube" and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the properties shown in the following image, click OK and focus on the Appearance panel. Add a second fill for this shape, select it and use the linear gradient shown below. Don't miss that yellow zero. Save this new gradient and name it "Gradient2". You'll need it again for some of the other "tube" shapes.



48. Add Shadow to the Back of the Frame

Select "downTube", add the Drop Shadow effect shown in the following image then add a second fill and use "Gradient2" as shown in the following image.



49. Repeat the Shadowing on the Rest of the Frame in the Same Style

Select "seatTube", add two new fills and use the "Gradient2" as shown in the first image. Select "seatStays" and add the Drop Shadow effect shown in the second image. Finally, select "chainStays", add two new fills and use "Gradient2" as shown in the third image.



50. Add a Harder Shadow Under the Seat

Next, we'll add a simple shadow below the seat. First, select "seatTube" and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Move to the Layers panel, open the "seat" group, select the main shape and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a 1px Offset and click OK. Select the resulting shape along with one of the copies made in the beginning of the step and click on the Intersect button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with black and lower its Opacity to 10%.



51. Repeat to Add Further Depth

Reselect the main shape from your "seat" group and go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Enter a 2px Offset and click OK. Select the resulting shape along with the remaining copy of "seatTube" made in the previous step and click on the Intersect button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with black and lower its Opacity to 10%.



52. Continue Adding this Style of Shadowing to the Rest of the Bike

Repeat the techniques mentioned in the previous step and add some new shadows as shown in the following image. Getting the shadows behind the chain might be a bit tricky. Make sure that you expand and unite the strokes used for that 40px circle before you go to Offset Path.



53. Add a Shadow Underneath the Bike

Make sure that the Snap to Grid is enabled, grab the Ellipse Tool (L), create a 400 by 5px shape, fill it with black and place it as shown in the first image. Select this squeezed circle, grab the Covert Anchor Point Tool (SHIFT + C) and simply click on the left and right anchor points. Send this black shape to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ), lower its Opacity to 5% and go to Effect > Blur > Gaussian Blur. Enter a 5px radius and click OK. Select all the shapes created so far and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel and simply name this new group "bicycle". Move to the Layers panel and turn off the visibility for this group. We'll continue with the fence and making this bicycle group invisible will make your work a bit easier.



54. Create the Base Shape for a Fence Slat

Let's continue with the fence. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create an 11 by 104px shape and fill it with R=242, G=220, B=188. Focus on the top side of this new rectangle and switch to the Ellipse Tool (L). Create an 11 by 30px shape, fill it with the same color and place it as shown in the second image. Select both shapes made in this step and click on the Unite button from the Pathfinder panel. Focus on the top side of the resulting shape and make sure that the Ellipse Tool (L) is still active. Create two, 6px circles, fill both shapes with white and place them as shown in the third image. Select these little circles along with the other shape made in this step and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. In the end things should look like in the fifth image.



55. Use the Appearance Panel to Add Detailing

Select the shape made in the previous step, replace the flat color used for the fill with the linear gradient shown below and focus on the Appearance panel. Add a second fill for this shape, select it, set the color at R=255, G=234, B=203 and go to Effect > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -1px Offset and click OK.



56. Add Highlights to the Fence Slat

Reselect the shape edited in the previous step and focus on the Appearance panel. First, select the bottom fill and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK. Return to the Appearance panel and add a third fill for this shape. Select it, add the linear gradient shown below and go to Effect > Path > Offset Path. Enter a -1px Offset, click OK and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



57. Use a Drop Shadow to Create Depth

Reselect the shape edited in the previous step, add a new fill and drag it in the bottom of the Appearance panel. Select it, use the linear gradient shown in the following image and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the data shown below, click OK and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



58. Duplicate, Move and Resize the Fence Slat

Move to the Layers panel, double click on the shape edited in the previous step and name it "tallFenceBoard". Select it and go to Object > Transform > Move. Enter 64 in the Horizontal box and 20 in the Vertical box then click on the Copy button. Focus on this newly created shape and grab the Direct Selection Tool (A). Select the bottom anchor points and simply drag them 20px up. In the end your shape should look like in the second image. Move to the Layers panel and name it "shortFenceBoard".



59. Create Further Duplicates

Select your "shortFenceBoard" and go to Object > Transform > Move. Enter 16 in the Horizontal box and 0 in the Vertical box then click on the Copy button. Select the resulting shape and simply hit Control + D to repeat the Move technique. In the end you should have three "shoftFenceBoard" shapes as shown in the third image.



60. Duplicate and Move the Larger Slat to the Other Side

Select your "tallFenceBoard" and go to Object > Transform > Move. Enter 160 in the Horizontal box and 0 in the Vertical box then click on the Copy button.



61. Create Steps in the Fence Slats Using a Blend

Select the left "tallFenceBoard" along with the left "shortFenceBoard", hit ALT + CTRL + B then go to Object > Blend > Blend Options. Select "Specified Steps" from the drop down menu, enter "3" in that white box then click OK. Select the right "shortFenceBoard" along with the right "tallFenceBoard" and simply hit ALT + CTRL + B. In the end things should look like in the second image.



62. Begin Creating a Fence Post

Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create an 11 by 134px shape, fill it with R=242, G=220, B=188 and place it as shown in the first image. Focus on the top side of this new rectangle and continue with the Rectangle Tool (M). Create a 17 by 5px shape, fill it with the same color, place it as shown in the second image and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 2.5px radius, click OK and go to Object > Expand Appearance.



63. Add a Top to the Post & Then Stylize

Select both shapes made in the previous step and click on the Unite button from the Pathfinder panel. Focus on the resulting shape and add the same Appearance attributes used for the "tallFenceBoard" and the "shortFenceBoard" shapes. You can easily copy and paste those properties using the target icons. Go to the Layers panel, focus on the right side and you'll notice that every shape comes with a little grey circle. It's called a target icon. Hold ALT, click on the target icon that stands for one of your "shortFenceBoard"s and drag onto the circle that stands for the shape made in the beginning of this step. Make sure that the shape made in this step stays selected and focus on the Appearance panel. Select the top fill and replace the existing linear gradient with the one shown below then open the existing Transform effect and add the properties shown in the following image.



64. Connect the Fencing

Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 192 by 9px shape, fill it with the linear gradient shown below and place it as shown in the first image. Make sure that this new rectangle is selected and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px up. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=218, G=198, B=164.



65. Keep the Style Consistent

Reselect the first rectangle made in the previous step and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F). Select the top copy and move it 1px down. Reselect both copies and click on the Minus Front button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with R=255, G=234, B=203. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create two, 1 by 9px shapes. Fill both rectangle with black, place them as shown in the fourth image then turn them into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8). Lower its Opacity to 30%, change the Blending Mode to Overlay and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



66. Group the Connecting Detailing

Select all the shapes made in the last two steps, Group them (CTRL + G), send the group to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ) and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



67. Add Nail Details on the Fence Slats

Focus on the left "tallFenceBoard". Pick the Ellipse Tool (L) and create two, 1px circles. Fill both shapes with R=218, G=198, B=164, place them as shown in the first image and turn them into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8). Continue with the Ellipse Tool (L) and create another two, 1px circles. Fill both shapes with R=203, G=177, B=139, place them as shown in the first image and turn them into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8). Select both compound paths and go to Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow. Enter the properties shown in the following image, click OK and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the data shown below and click OK.



68. Use the Transform Effect to Create a Long Fence Pattern

Select all the shapes that make up your fence and Group them (CTRL + G). Move to the Layers panel, name this new group "fence" then select it and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



69. Duplicate, Expand & Recolor

Duplicate your "fence" (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Select this copy and go to Object > Expand Appearance. Select the resulting group of shapes and click on the Unite button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting shape with black. Move to the Layers panel, name this new shape "fenceRecolor" and change its Blending Mode to Overlay.



70. Position Your Bike

Turn on the visibility for your "bicycle" group, drag it in the top of the Layers panel, place it as shown in the following image then duplicate it (CTRL + C > CTRL + F).



71. Delete the Shadow & Expand the Bike

Focus on the Layers panel and open the copy of that "bicycle" group made in the previous step. Select the three shadow shapes (highlighted in the first image) and simply delete them. Now, select the entire group copy and go to Object > Path > Outline Stroke. Select the resulting shape and click on the Unite button from the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting compound path with black.



72. Recolor the Bike

Focus on the Layers panel, drag the black compound path made in the previous step below your "bicycle" group then duplicate it (CTRL + C > CTRL + F). Select the "fenceRecolor" shape and make two copies in front (CTRL + C > CTRL + F > CTRL + F).



73. Add a Subtle Shadow

Disable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid). Focus on the Layers panel, select the top, black compound path and move it 1px up and to the right. Select it along with one of the copies of "fenceRecolor" made in the finale of the previous step and click on the Intersect button from the Pathfinder panel. Turn the resulting group of shapes into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8), make sure that it's filled with black, lower its Opacity to 30% and change the Blending Mode to Overlay.



74. Repeat the Shadow Process

Focus on the Layers panel, select the remaining black compound path and move it 3px up and to the right. Select it along with the other copy of "fenceRecolor" and click on the Intersect button from the Pathfinder panel. Turn the resulting group of shapes into a Compound Path (CTRL + 8), make sure that it's black, lower its Opacity to 15% and change the Blending Mode to Overlay.



75. Create a Shadow With a Gradient

Enable the Snap to Grid (View > Snap to Grid). Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 16 by 7px shape, fill it with the linear gradient shown below, lower its Opacity to 5% and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 2px radius and click OK. Continue with the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 14 by 2px shape, fill it with black, place it as shown in the second image, lower its Opacity to 5% and go to Effect > Stylize > Rounded Corners. Enter a 1px radius and click OK.



76. Group the Shapes

Reselect both shapes made in the previous step and Group them (CTRL + G). Send this new group to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ) and go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform. Enter the properties shown in the following image and click OK.



77. Add a Background Gradient

Return to "gridline every 5px". So, go to Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid and enter 5 in the Gridline every box. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 600 by 390px shape, fill it with the linear gradient shown below, send it to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ) and place it as shown in the following image.



78. Add a Gradient to the Floor

Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a 600 by 210px shape, fill it with the linear gradient shown below, send it to back (SHIFT + CTRL + [ ) and place it as shown in the following image.



79. Alter the Overall Look Using Blending Modes

Finally, you can play a little with some basic blending techniques. Using the Rectangle Tool (M), create a shape the size of your Artboard. Fill it with R=242, G=101, B=34 and change its Blending Mode to Soft Light.


Here are some other colors that you might like.



You can also combine two fills.



Groovy Baby, You're Now Done!

Now your work is done. Here is how it should look. Feel free to try different colors and Blending Modes for the shape made in the final step. I hope you've enjoyed this tutorial and can apply these techniques in your future projects.


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